People with cleft lip and palate (CLP) often have problems with oral hygiene due to the difficulty of obtaining appropriate mechanical biofilm control.
To review the literature and to seek an epidemio logical profile of dental caries in individuals with CLP.
Materials and methods
In the PubMed database and Web of Knowledge, using the keywords ‘dental caries’ and ‘cleft lip,’ 58 studies were collected, of which 13 were selected. After collection of the epidemiological data of dental caries from each paper, the age of the study subjects, the severity of dental caries (DMFT/dmft), and kappa statistics were gathered.
The cross-sectional studies totaled four papers, and there were nine case-control studies; six of them showed a more severe caries index in the case group (CLP), two studies showed the control group (without CLP) having higher caries severity, and one only paper with one age (14 years) indicated higher severity in the control group.
Overall, the rate of dental decay found in individuals with CLP was higher than among people without this condition in the studies evaluated.
How to cite this article
Pinto ECH, Pinto EG, Soares S, Oliveira TM, Almeida ALPF, Bastos JRM, Bastos RS. A Critical Review of Dental Caries in Individuals with Cleft Lip. World J Dent 2013;4(4):272-275.