World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 3 ( October-December, 2010 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Oral Health Practices and Oral Cancer Knowledge Attitudes and Behaviors among College Students

Aarthi Shanmugavel, Steven E Shive

Citation Information : Shanmugavel A, Shive SE. Oral Health Practices and Oral Cancer Knowledge Attitudes and Behaviors among College Students. World J Dent 2010; 1 (3):141-148.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1030

Published Online: 00-12-2010

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objective

This study examines the knowledge about the risk factors and symptoms of oral cancer, attitudes toward oral cancer and associated behaviors of college students using constructs of the Health Belief Model and the predictors of oral screening of college students.

Participants

College of Health Science students (N = 300) at a State university located in the Northeastern US were surveyed.

Methods

A 25-item questionnaire was administered during the Fall 2009 semester, which measured knowledge and behaviors related to oral cancer risk factors.

Results

Participants perceived their oral health to be good (63.6%), were unaware of dental diseases (95.5%), visited a dentist (60.5%), had a dental visit (62.2%) within the last 6 months, and scheduled one (66.3%) in the next 6 months. There was a significant correlation between the behavior of use of tobacco and the perceived susceptibility to oral cancer (t = 8.10, p < 0.05) and perceived severity (t = 2.22, p < 0.05) if a person got oral cancer. There were no significant variables which predicted oral cancer screening. Having a dental visit best predicted the scheduling of a future dental visit.

Conclusions

Findings from this study may further assist in future health education and dental screening programs for this population group across the US.


PDF Share
  1. Cancer topics 2009; http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/oral/HealthProfessional/page3. Accessed October 15, 2009.
  2. http://www.who.int/topics/oral_health/en/. Accessed September 30, 2009.
  3. Promoting oral health in adolescents. In: Millstein SG, Petersen AC, Nightingale EO (Eds). Promoting the health of adolescents: New directions for the twenty-first century. New York: Oxford University Press; 1993:xiv, 403 p.
  4. The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bull World Health Organ Sep 2005;83(9):661-69.
  5. An assessment of oral self-care in the student population of a Turkish university. Public Health Oct 2006;120(10):953-57.
  6. Oral hygiene and lifestyle correlates among new undergraduate university students in Lebanon. J Am Coll Health Jul 2001;50(1):15-20.
  7. Oral health knowledge and behavior among male health sciences college students in Kuwait. Biomedical Central Limited 2003;3(2).
  8. Oral health related knowledge and behavior among nursing students in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. The Internet Journal of Dental Science 2009;7(2):1-9.
  9. Gender differences in knowledge, attitude, behavior and perceived oral health among adolescents. Acta Odontol Scand Aug 1999;57(4):231-36.
  10. Adolescent health promotion: Rationale, goals, and objectives. In: Millstein SG, Petersen AC, Nightingale EO (Eds). Promoting the health of adolescents: New directions for the twenty-first century. New York: Oxford University Press 1993:3-10.
  11. Cancer Facts 2009;http://www.seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/oralcav.html. Accessed 1 October 2009.
  12. Healthy People 2020. 2009; http://www.healthypeople.gov/hp2020/Objectives/ViewObjective.aspx?Id=372&TopicArea=Cancer&Objective=C+HP2020%e2%80%936&TopicAreaId=14. Accessed 1 November 2009.
  13. Cost of Cancer 2009; http://www.cancer.gov/aboutnci/servingpeople/costofcancer.
  14. Cancer Progress Report 2009. Accessed 1 October 2009.
  15. The epidemiology and risk factors of head and neck cancer: A focus on human papillomavirus. J Dent Res Feb 2007;86(2):104-14.
  16. Human papillomavirus and oral cancer: The International Agency for Research on Cancer multicenter study. J Natl Cancer Inst 3 Dec 2003;95(23):1772-83.
  17. HPV and other risk factors of oral cavity/oropharyngeal cancer in the Czech Republic. Oral Dis May 2005;11(3):181-85.
  18. Human papillomavirus and oral cancer: Looking toward the clinic. J Natl Cancer Inst 18 Jun 2008;100(12): 840-42.
  19. Oral sexual behaviors associated with prevalent oral human papillomavirus infection. J Infect Dis 1 May 2009;199(9):1263-69.
  20. Smokeless tobacco use among American college students. Journal of American College Health 1989;38:81-85.
  21. An alarming lack of public awareness towards oral cancer. British Dental Journal 1999;187(6):319-22.
  22. Oral cancer knowledge, risk factors and characteristics of subjects in a large oral cancer screening program. Journal of American Dental Association. 2002;133:1064-71.
  23. Oral cancer risk factors among Mexican American hispanic adolescents in South Texas. Journal of Dentistry for Children 2009;72:142-48.
  24. Perceptions of Hispanic American school children to the risk factors for oral cancer. Journal of Dentistry for Children 2007;74(1):62-66.
  25. Evaluation of mouth self-examination in the control of oral cancer. British Journal of cancer 1995;71:397-99.
  26. An alarming lack of public awareness towards oral cancer. British Dental Journal 1999;187(6):319-22.
  27. A preliminary awareness study of tobacco issues among college students. American Journal of College Health 2008.
  28. Oral cancer risk behaviors among Indiana College students: A formative research study. Journal of American College Students 2008;57(3):373-77.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.