World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2024 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

A Comparative Clinical and Microbiological Evaluation of Arimedadi Oil with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Mouthwash as an Adjuvant to Scaling in Chronic Gingivitis

Umme Kulsum, Vinita Boloor, I V Rao, Rajesh K S, Akshatha K Bhat, Shashikanth Hegde

Keywords : Aerobic colony forming units, Arimedadi oil, Chlorhexidine antiseptic drug delivery system mouthwash, Herbal mouthwashes, Management of gingivitis, Polyherbal mouthwash

Citation Information : Kulsum U, Boloor V, Rao IV, K S R, Bhat AK, Hegde S. A Comparative Clinical and Microbiological Evaluation of Arimedadi Oil with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Mouthwash as an Adjuvant to Scaling in Chronic Gingivitis. World J Dent 2024; 15 (5):429-435.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2431

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 28-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study is to comparatively evaluate the clinical and microbiological efficacy of Arimedadi oil and 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gluconate mouthwash as an adjuvant to scaling in chronic gingivitis. Materials and methods: A total of 45 subjects were randomly divided into three groups, that is, group I (scaling alone), group II [scaling + adjunctive use of 0.2% CHX antiseptic drug delivery system (ADS) mouthwash], and group III (scaling + adjunctive use of Arimedadi oil) over a period of 21 days. Plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI) were measured at baseline, 14th day, and 21st day, and the number of aerobic colony-forming units (CFU) was evaluated at baseline and 21st day. Results: There was a statistically significant reduction of GI (p-value of 0.00), PI (p-value of 0.00), and number of CFU (p-value of 0.04) in groups II and III over a period of 21 days. However, on intergroup comparison, the reduction of PI was greater in group II on the 14th day (p-value of 0.042), whereas group III was as effective as group II in the reduction of PI, GI, and number of CFU on the 21st day (p-value of 0.00). Conclusion: Arimedadi oil is as effective as CHX in preventing plaque formation and gingival inflammation, as well as reducing the number of aerobic CFUs. Clinical significance: The preventive and therapeutic advantages of polyherbal products such as Arimedadi oil are a reliable and potentially secure substitute for CHX mouthwash.


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