World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2024 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Evaluation of Marginal Adaptation of Three Different Materials Restored in Class II Inlay Cavity Preparations: An In Vitro Study

Sudhakar Naidu, Rajasekhar Vemareddy, Balaraju Korrai, Akhila Nalli, Someshwar Battu, Jyotsnanjali Thati

Keywords : Indirect composite, Inlay, Marginal adaptation, Metal castings, Polyether ether ketone

Citation Information : Naidu S, Vemareddy R, Korrai B, Nalli A, Battu S, Thati J. Evaluation of Marginal Adaptation of Three Different Materials Restored in Class II Inlay Cavity Preparations: An In Vitro Study. World J Dent 2024; 15 (5):411-417.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2424

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 28-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the marginal adaptation of polyether ether ketone (PEEK), cobalt-chromium (CoCr) metal, and indirect composites in class II mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) inlay cavity preparations. Materials and methods: A total of 30 freshly extracted maxillary premolars are collected and randomly divided into three groups of 10 samples each (N = 10). Group I comprises Metal inlays (CoCr), group II comprises PEEK inlays, and group III comprises Indirect composite inlays. Class II MOD inlay cavities are prepared with no. 271 and 169L burs. Cavity preparations for all the groups are standardized using a Williams-calibrated probe. The PEEK and metal inlay cavity preparations are scanned and milled with the help of a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) machine. Composite inlays are prepared using an indirect lab technique. Inlay restorations are luted with resin-modified glass ionomer luting cement, and the specimens are subjected to thermocycling for 24 hours. Each specimen is cut horizontally at the level of the gingival seat. The cut specimens are observed under a scanning electron microscope to investigate the gaps formed at the restoration/cement interface and the cement/tooth interface. Results: Marginal adaptation of metal inlays is less compared to PEEK inlays and indirect composite inlays. However, the marginal gaps of all three inlays are within the clinically acceptable range. Conclusion: Marginal adaptation of PEEK inlays luted with resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) on class II MOD preparations on maxillary premolars has shown significant values compared to the CoCr metal inlays and indirect composite inlays. The marginal gap of metal inlays, PEEK inlays, and indirect composite inlays was <100 μm, which is clinically acceptable. Clinical significance: Polyether ether ketone is a thermoplastic organic polymer that is biocompatible and possesses properties similar to bone. It is milled by CAD/CAM processes and does not exhibit any casting shrinkage, unlike conventional metal inlays. Additionally, it does not demonstrate polymerization shrinkage, as seen with indirect composite inlays.


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