Association of Body Mass Index with Dental Caries among Children in Tribal School of Shantivan, Nere, Maharashtra
Snehal S Ghodke, Shruti H Kalbage, Vaibhav P Thakkar, Shrirang A Sevekar
Body mass index, Decayed, missing, and filled primary teeth, and filled permanent teeth, schoolchildren, Tribal school
Citation Information :
Ghodke SS, Kalbage SH, Thakkar VP, Sevekar SA. Association of Body Mass Index with Dental Caries among Children in Tribal School of Shantivan, Nere, Maharashtra. World J Dent 2023; 14 (10):913-917.
Aim: The aim of the present study is to correlate the prevalence of dental caries with the body mass index (BMI) among tribal schoolchildren of 6–16 years in Shantivan, Nere, Raigad district, Maharashtra, India.
Materials and methods: This was an observational study conducted to evaluate the association between dental caries and BMI on 384 randomly selected data samples from survey-based forms obtained from 6 to 16-year-old schoolchildren of both genders. Basic anthropometric non-invasive measurements like height, weight, head circumference, and mid-upper arm circumference were measured along with an assessment of dental caries and oral hygiene according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Oral Health Assessment Form for Children, 2013.
Results: Among 384 subjects, 45.6% were males and 54.4% were females having a mean age of 11.38 ± 2.97 years. The level of significance was kept at p < 0.05. There was no significant association evident between decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) and BMI (p > 0.05) while there was a significant association seen between decayed, missing, and filled deciduous teeth (dmft) and BMI (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Within the limitations of the current study there is a higher prevalence of dental caries in tribal children at Shantivan, Nere, Maharashtra, India. Caries experience was reportedly more prevalent in underweight tribal children and was observed to be directly proportional to the severity of underweight condition in the present study. The findings indicate that having a low BMI raises the likelihood of developing dental caries.
Clinical significance: Assessment of nutritional status in children provides a new avenue to explore with a more targeted approach that can be implemented for prevention of dental caries in such children with low BMI or malnourishment. An overall strategy can thus be designed to focus on nutrition and its effect on the oral health of the identified individuals in day-to-day practice, thereby, aiding the clinician in designing a more comprehensive oral healthcare plan.
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