Aim: The present study is to review the literature about soft drinks, their types, history, ingredients as well as their effect on oral health.
Background: Soft beverages are predominantly consumed by children, adolescents, and young adults. They are categorized into various types, such as carbonated drinks, still and juice drinks, fruit juices, bottled waters, and sports and energy drinks. While their popularity continues to surge, their potential implications for oral health are a matter of concern, thus necessitating this review.
Review results: Soft drinks, either carbonated or noncarbonated, typically contain water, a sweetening agent, and flavoring and are often sold as ready-to-drink or dilutable beverages. While sports drinks replenish water and electrolytes to aid athletic performance, they vary in terms of isotonicity. Diet drinks, on the other hand, are sugar-free carbonated beverages. Energy drinks boost energy, with caffeine being a common ingredient. The high acidity and frequent consumption of these beverages can lead to dental erosion, caries development, and discoloration of resin composites. Additionally, decreased bracket retention, corrosion of stainless-steel brackets, and discoloration of elastomeric materials have been associated with orthodontic patients. Overconsumption of soft drinks may also increase the risk of periodontal disease.
Conclusion: Given the increasing consumption of soft drinks and their significant impact on oral health, it is crucial for healthcare professionals to have a comprehensive understanding of their potential implications. Further studies in this field are necessary to establish a more definitive link.
Clinical significance: Dentists should advise young patients about the consequences of frequent soft drink consumption and provide positive recommendations to eliminate the risk.
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