World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2022 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Diabetic Patients Towards Oral Health: A Cross-sectional Study

Yaser A Alhazmi, Sameena Parveen, Wafa H Alfaifi, Naif M Najmi, Somayah A Namazi, Lamees H Abuzawah, Nasser M Mashhour

Keywords : Dental caries, Diabetes, Oral hygiene, Periodontal infection

Citation Information : Alhazmi YA, Parveen S, Alfaifi WH, Najmi NM, Namazi SA, Abuzawah LH, Mashhour NM. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Diabetic Patients Towards Oral Health: A Cross-sectional Study. World J Dent 2022; 13 (3):239-244.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1922

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 11-04-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The study\'s objective was to measure diabetic patients’ knowledge and awareness of the risks of oral illnesses viz. periodontal/gum disease or dental caries and to assess their attitudes and practices toward maintaining good oral health through proper oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups. Material and methods: The study was a descriptive observational survey performed on 210 patients with diabetes in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. Structured questionnaires were utilized to assess the respondents’ social background, medical history, dental services usage, knowledge, values, and attitude toward oral health. Results: Results showed that approximately 70% of the study participants were unaware that oral illnesses, viz. dental caries, and periodontal infection, occur more in people with diabetes. Diabetic patients had a low degree of responsiveness and knowledge of oral health, although most diabetic patients were known to the numerous medical problems associated with diabetes such as viz. delayed wound healing, cardiomyopathy, retinopathy, and nephropathy, etc. Conclusion: The study results indicated a lack of awareness regarding oral health problems associated with diabetes; however, these patients were well aware of the systemic complications. Clinical significance: This study suggests a need to educate diabetes patients about the oral manifestations associated with diabetes. Further, this awareness and early diagnosis of oral complications due to diabetes will improve overall oral health in these patients.


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