Aim: To evaluate the level of anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic status and to investigate the association between gender, level of education, and age-group with the level of anxiety.
Materials and methods: Studies measured anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia via various social media using different indexes. Name of researcher and year of publication, gender, scale used, degree of anxiety, age-groups, and educational level were assessed.
Results: Fifteen studies were involved in this review, and they showed that mild anxiety during COVID-19 was the highest among Saudi patients (54%), followed by moderate (32%) and severe (13%) anxiety. Additionally, the percentages of females, young age-groups, and educated participants were higher than those of their counterparts. Healthcare workers (HCWs) recorded a higher percentage than others during the pandemic.
Conclusion: Overall, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the percentage of moderate and severe levels of anxiety were high. Females and lower age-groups recorded high levels of anxiety than others. Different healthcare and educational programs must be started to minimize the level of anxiety and number of cases.
Clinical significance: To overcome this problem, HCWs should undertake educational sessions with training to help and minimize their patients’ level of anxiety. Ministry of Health and Governmental hospitals should build a treatment plan and programs that aids in treatment and recovery of the patients. Also, the importance of anxiety control measures through and for the HCW population should be focused upon.
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