World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2020 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Evaluation of Alveolar Ridge Dimensions Using Various Techniques Prior to Implant Placement: A Comparative Study

Mohammad Jalaluddin, George Sam, Mohamed Abd-Ellatif El-Patal, Abdulfatah Aladmah, Prashant Punde

Citation Information : Jalaluddin M, Sam G, El-Patal MA, Aladmah A, Punde P. Evaluation of Alveolar Ridge Dimensions Using Various Techniques Prior to Implant Placement: A Comparative Study. World J Dent 2020; 11 (4):299-303.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1749

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 12-01-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The present study aimed to assess the dimensions of alveolar ridge using different techniques before placement of implant. Materials and methods: Totally 20 patients were chosen for this study. The study was divided into three groups based on the method of measurements of width of alveolar ridge, and all the procedures were performed in all the groups. Group I: Using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), group II: ridge mapping dimensions before reflection of surgical flap, group III: direct caliper measurements after surgical exposure of the bone. A transparent acrylic resin stent was made on the study model with reference points. The reference points were seen over the stent through the clear acrylic resin. Results: The mean alveolar ridge dimensions were 4.20 ± 1.80 mm, 3.89 ± 2.24 mm, and 4.24 ± 0.94 mm with the use of CBCT, ridge mapping dimension before surgical flap reflection, and direct caliper measurements after surgical exposure of the bone, respectively, at point 1; and 7.68 ± 1.46 mm, 6.10 ± 1.88 mm, 6.90 ± 1.32 mm, respectively, at point 2. A statistically significant difference was found between the groups at point 2 by an analysis of covariance. Also, the difference between groups I and II was statistically significant. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it was concluded that CBCT and ridge mapping measurements when compared individually with the gold standard surgical open method, CBCT proved to be a highly specific and sensitive method detecting the residual alveolar ridge width in the treatment planning of dental implants. Clinical significance: Implants have become the imminent replacement option for missing teeth. The surgical procedure necessitates a prior knowledge of the surgical site and planning of treatment. Measurement of the residual alveolar bone dimensions is an important precondition for placement of dental implants and their success.


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