World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 6 ( November-December, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Photographic Assessment of Anterior Malar Eminence using Anterior Corneal Plane

Javed Sodawala, Sayyed M Ali, Fatema Sodawala, Sumit Gandhi, Shaheen Hamdani, Deepkesh Bhuyan

Keywords : Anterior corneal plane, Malar eminence, Sella-Nasion-Orbitale angle, Vector relationship

Citation Information : Sodawala J, Ali SM, Sodawala F, Gandhi S, Hamdani S, Bhuyan D. Photographic Assessment of Anterior Malar Eminence using Anterior Corneal Plane. World J Dent 2018; 9 (6):513-516.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1589

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: Vector relationship of the anterior corneal plane (ACP) and sella-nasion-orbitale (SNO) angle are used for assessing anteroposterior position of malar eminence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vector relationship of ACP and SNO angle and compare these parameters for assessing malar eminence. Materials and methods: Forty study subjects (18 males and 22 females) aged 14–24 years without any craniofacial syndromes, facial asymmetries or a history of previous orthodontic treatment were randomly selected for this study. Vector relationship of ACP was evaluated on profile photographs and SNO angle was measured on lateral cephalograms. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to evaluate correlation between vector relationship of ACP and SNO angle. Results: Sella-Nasion-Orbitale (SNO) angle was 5.08° smaller in subjects with negative vector relationship as compared to subjects with a positive vector relationship of ACP. Also, there was highly significant correlation between SNO angle and vector relationship of ACP (p < 0.001). Conclusion: This study suggests that malar eminence is less prominent in subjects with a negative vector relationship as compared to a positive vector relationship of ACP. Clinical significance: Vector relationship of ACP can be used to assess malar eminence on profile photographs.


PDF Share
  1. Arnett GW, Bergman RT. Facial keys to orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Part I. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1993;103:299-312.
  2. Arnett GW, Bergman RT. Facial keys to orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Part II. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1993;103:395-411.
  3. Jelks G. The influence of orbital and eyelid anatomy on the palpebral aperture. Clin Plast Surg 1991;18:183-195.
  4. Yaremchuk M. Infra-orbital rim augmentation. Plast Reconstr Surg 2001;107:1585-1592.
  5. Frey ST. New diagnostic tenet of the aesthetic mid-face for clinical assessment of anterior malar projection. Angle Orthod 2013;83:790-794.
  6. Patil BC, Dave P, Patil V, Patil K, Bellam S, Anjali V. Evaluation of diagnostic criteria for clinical assessment of anterior malar projection in relation to midface esthetics. Int J Recent Sci Res 2007;8:17018-17022.
  7. Miyajima K, McNamara JA, Kimura T, Murata S, Iizuka T. Craniofacial structure of Japanese and European American adults with normal occlusions and well balanced faces. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1996;110:431-438.
  8. Bishara SE, Peterson LC, Bishara EC. Changes in facial dimensions and relationship between the ages of 5 and 25 years. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1984;85:238-252.
  9. Mendelson BC, Hartley W, Scott M, McNab A, Granzow JW. Age related changes of orbit and midcheek and the implications for facial rejuvenation. Aesthetic Plast Surg 2007;31:419-423.
  10. Budhiawan M, Anggani HS. Considerations before orthodontic camouflage treatment in skeletal Class III malocclusion. Padjadjaran J. Dentistry 2008;20:23-33.
  11. Nartallo-Turley PE, Turley PK. Cephalometric effects of combined palatal expansion and facemask therapy on Class III malocclusion. Angle Orthod 1998;68:217-224.
  12. Jose J, Nelivigi N, Pai SS, Pai V, Vishwanath AE, Prasad M, Suhas. Validity of visual vector relationship for the clinical assessment of anterior malar projection and the changes observed in facemask therapy patients– A retrospective study. IOSR-JDMS 2016;15:143-148.
  13. Ismail SFH, Moss JP, Hennessy R. Three-dimensionalassessment of the effects of extraction and nonextractionorthodontic treatment on the face. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2002;121:244-256.
  14. Garner A. Pathology of ‘pseudotumours’ of the orbit: A review. J Clin Path 1973;26:639-648.
  15. Richard MJ, Morris C, Deen BF, Gray L, Woodward JA. Analysis of the anatomic changes of the aging facial skeleton using computer assisted tomography. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2009;25:382-386.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.