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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Association between Depression and Dentition: A Study among Geriatric Patients in Kuala Langat, Malaysia

Shivani Kohli, Christopher D Philip, Cassamally M Aadil, Aaron LW Vun, Mahenthiran Ramalingam

Keywords : Age, Cross-sectional study, Depression, Older, Teeth

Citation Information : Kohli S, Philip CD, Aadil CM, Vun AL, Ramalingam M. Association between Depression and Dentition: A Study among Geriatric Patients in Kuala Langat, Malaysia. World J Dent 2018; 9 (4):304-309.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1553

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 00-08-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine association between depression and dentition and others covariates among the elderly in Kuala Langat region, Malaysia. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly subjects aged 60 years and above. Geriatric depression scale (GDS) was used to classify the subjects into different grades of depression: 0 to 4 (no depression), 5 to 9 (mild depression), and 10 to 15 (moderateto- severe depression). Demographic data and details of the subjects’ dentitions were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: There was a statistically significant association between dentition and depression, with p = 0.0000881 where p < 0.05. Difficulty in performing daily activity was also significantly associated with depression, with p = 0.0477 where p < 0.05. Participants who cannot chew well had higher percentage of depression compared with subjects who can chew well. Conclusion: According to the results obtained, there was a statistically significant association between dentition and depression. Oral health awareness may help to reduce the severity of depression among the elderly. Clinical significance: The importance of this study was to highlight that maintaining a proper dentition either natural or artificial may reduce the incidence of depression among the elderly; as loss of teeth is a vital risk factor, it can be prevented by use of dentures or other forms of prosthesis. On the other end of the spectrum, physiological consequences of depression may lead to decline in oral health as well.


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