Aim: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between breastfeeding pattern and early childhood caries (ECC) based on a case in Bukittinggi.
Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study located in Integrated Post Service (Posyandu) in Bukittinggi City. In this study, 66 pairs of parents and children aged 2 to 3 years were selected. Breastfeeding pattern was observed using questionnaire and decayed-extract-filled teeth (deft) index was used for ECC. Data were analyzed by chi-square test.
Results: The average of the deft index was 2.33. Samples with exclusive breastfeeding have an average deft index of 1.42 and nonexclusive had an average deft index of 2.48 (p = 0.783). This study also found that samples with exclusive breastfeeding and complementary foods had a deft index of 2.27. Nonexclusive breastfeeding and complementary foods had a deft index of 2.31 (p = 0.038).
Conclusion: Children with breastfeeding had a lower ECC degree. Breastfeeding with complementary foods at 6 months to 2 years had a significant relationship with ECC.
Clinical significance: Breastfeed could lower the occurrence of ECC. Hence, breastfeeding needs to be promoted and the mothers guided in breastfeeding.
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