Aim: Fracture of one or more anterior teeth results in pain, loss of function, poor esthetics, and psychological trauma. It is a true emergency and warrants immediate assessment and management. Hence, the aim of the present study was to assess the traumatic injuries to anterior teeth in children, seeking treatment at the teaching clinics of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Jazan University, from January 2016 to June 2016.
Materials and methods: Information concerning age, sex, cause of trauma, place of trauma, and the type of the teeth was recorded in a close-ended pro forma. Garcia Godoy's classification was used to assess the traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to the primary dentition, whereas Ellis and Davey's classification was used to assess TDIs to the permanent dentition.
Results: The prevalence of TDI was recorded as 9.79%. Males experienced more TDI as compared with females. Falls (62.4%) were the most important cause of TDI and the home (54.1%) was the predominant location where the injury occurred. Luxation injury was the most common type of injury seen in primary dentition, whereas enamel dentin fracture involving the pulp was the frequently observed injury in the permanent dentition.
Conclusion: The prevalence of TDI in our study was 9.79%. Males were affected more than females. Luxation injuries were commonly seen in the primary dentition and enamel dentin fracture with pulp exposure was the common type of injury seen in the permanent dentition.
Clinical significance: The data obtained give us the baseline information about the prevalence of traumatic injuries to anterior teeth in this southern Saudi Arabian population of Jazan. More longitudinal studies over a longer period of time should be done which will help us to plan and implement preventive strategies.
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