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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2018 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Rapid Progression of Primary Glioblastoma to the Maxillofacial Area in a 29-year-old Woman

Khadijeh Abdal, Marzie Darvish, Mohammadreza H Ahmadi

Keywords : Astrocyte cells, Extracranial metastases, Glioblastoma.

Citation Information : Abdal K, Darvish M, Ahmadi MH. Rapid Progression of Primary Glioblastoma to the Maxillofacial Area in a 29-year-old Woman. World J Dent 2018; 9 (2):122-125.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1520

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 00-04-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Glioblastoma is one of the most common and most aggressive malignant primary tumors of the central nervous system which originates in astrocyte cells accounting for ~12 to 15% of all intracranial neoplasms. Its development to extracranial areas is very rare, occurring in <2% of patients. Very few cases (<200) of extracranial metastases have been reported so far. Despite advances in treatment of GBM, the prognosis is poor with an average survival time of about 14 months. Aim: The aim of the study is to present the spread of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) to the extracranial area. Case report: A 29-year-old woman suffering from severe headaches revealed a history of brain surgery due to GBM in the temporal area done 5 months ago. Conclusion: With regard to this, extracranial metastasis of GBM is rare and the nature of the lesion is not well defined; therefore, the treatment for patients is not favorable and their survival is short (after metastasis). Since the molecular and genetic factors in metastatic GBM may have a key role, these markers can be used as future therapeutic goals. Clinical significance: In this study, we presented a 29-year-old woman with the spread of GBM to the maxillofacial area after GBM surgery 5 months ago.


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