World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Incidence of Needlestick Injuries in Oral Surgery Clinic among Dental Students: A Retrospective Study

Citation Information : Incidence of Needlestick Injuries in Oral Surgery Clinic among Dental Students: A Retrospective Study. World J Dent 2018; 9 (1):29-33.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1502

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-02-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Practitioners in the dental field carry an occupational risk of injuries when performing routine procedures and hence the possible contraction of serious infections. Dental college students are considered at a higher risk because they start performing such procedures with no or very little experience. Although needlestick injuries (NSIs) are preventable, they are still a common happening and the main concern is the risk of transfer of more than 20 pathogens. The most serious are hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Aim

The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence and patterns of NSIs sustained by undergraduate dental students in Oral Surgery Clinics at College of Dentistry (Jazan University), Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Materials and methods

This was a retrospective epidemiological investigation conducted among 230 undergraduate dental students studying at College of Dentistry (Jazan). Fourth, fifth, and sixth year undergraduate dental students and interns working in the Department of Oral Surgery were included. Those who were not willing to participate were excluded from the study. An anonymous questionnaire proforma was prepared including closed- and open-ended questions divided into two parts. Data were entered into Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 17.0) statistical software for analysis.

Results

More than half of the sample size (54.8%) had suffered sharp instruments injury in different anatomical sites, and of these, 67.4% were pricked with gloves on. Only 27% of the students reported to the faculty after being pricked. Most of the participants (55.3%) had a single incidence of injury during the past 1 year and 16.2% were stuck for several times. Fingers (60.7%) were the most commonly affected anatomical site pricked by sharp instruments, followed by the thumb (22.2%), hand (9.6%), and palm (7.4%).

Conclusion

Infection control teaching and training should be an integral part of the curriculum of all disciplines in health care including medical, dental, and paramedics.

How to cite this article

Ali FM, Al-Iryani GM, Mdabesh HY, Essa AA, Nammazi AM, Kariri MA, Somaili DMY. Incidence of Needlestick Injuries in Oral Surgery Clinic among Dental Students: A Retrospective Study. World J Dent 2018;9(1):29-33.


  1. Sharps injuries in dental practice: getting the point. Dent Pract 2006 Jan/Feb:66-68.
  2. Risk and management of blood-borne infections in health care workers. Clin Microbiol Rev 2000 Jul;13(3):385-407.
  3. A survey of needle sticks and other sharp injuries among dental undergraduate students. Int J Infect Control 2011;7(3):1-10.
  4. Percutaneous exposure incidents-prevalence, knowledge and perceptions of dental personnel and students at a dental training site in KwaZulu-Natal. South Afr Dent J 2015 Sep;70(8):334-339.
  5. Knowledge and awareness about needle stick injuries among dental students of Bolan medical college, Quetta. Pak Oral Dent J 2015 Dec;35(4):562-566.
  6. Epidemiology of sharp instruments injuries at a dental school in Sudan. Int J Infect Control 2014;10(4):1-10.
  7. Needle stick injuries; concept and handling among junior dentist. Prof Med J 2017 Jan;24(1):177-181.
  8. Needle stick injuries among dental students: risk factors and recommendations for prevention. Libyan J Med 2012 Jun;7:17507.
  9. Needlestick and sharp instruments injuries among Brazilian dentistry students. Contemp Clin Dent 2017 Jan-Mar;8(1):112-115.
  10. Awareness and experience of needle stick injuries among dental students at the University of Nairobi, dental hospital. East Afr Med J 2010 May;87(5):211-214.
  11. Occupational blood exposures at a dental faculty: a three year review. Int Dent 2008 Jan;9(5):28-36.
  12. Double gloving in dentistry: importance and recommendations: a review. Int Arab J Dent 2016;7(1):37-40.
  13. Occupational exposure to blood in a dental teaching environment: results of a ten-year surveillance study. J Dent Educ 2001 May;65(5):436-448.
  14. Needle stick injuries in dental clinics: a review. J Evol Med Dent Sci 2014 Jan;3(2):374-378.
  15. Preliminary evidence supports modification of retraction technique to prevent needle stick injuries. Anesth Prog 2016 Winter;63(4):192-196.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.