World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 5 ( September-October, 2017 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Oral Health Morbidities and Unmet Needs in seeking Dental Health Care among Schoolchildren from a Low Socioeconomic Locality in Mumbai, India

Acharya Shrikala, Pai Nanda, Vaghela Jinal, Mankar Shubhangi

Citation Information : Shrikala A, Nanda P, Jinal V, Shubhangi M. Oral Health Morbidities and Unmet Needs in seeking Dental Health Care among Schoolchildren from a Low Socioeconomic Locality in Mumbai, India. World J Dent 2017; 8 (5):374-377.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1468

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 00-00-0000


Abstract

Introduction: Children with dental problems are 12 times more likely to have restricted activity days.1 More than 50 million school hours are lost annually because of oral health problems, which affect children’s performance at school and success in later life. In a metropolitan city like Mumbai, no systematic assessment on the oral health problems is available, especially among children belonging to low socioeconomic class studying in municipal schools. Hence, the current study was planned among the children studying in V to VII standards in suburban municipal school and predominantly from a low socioeconomic area, located in the field practice area of a teaching medical college. Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 299 schoolchildren aged 9 to 13 years using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire and clinical oral examination to assess their oral health morbidities, healthseeking behavior, and need for dental interventions. Results: About 78.3% children were found with dental caries and 61.2% children were suffering from bleeding and inflamed gums; 19.4% children required extraction and 41.5% required extraction and restoration. However, dental services were availed by only 13.6% of the children. Conclusion: Sustained advocacy and regular dental outreach programs are needed among parents, teachers, and schoolchildren for early diagnosis and management of oral morbidities. Clinical significance: Oral health and people’s behavior are largely determined by the socioeconomic milieu and the conditions in which they live. Therefore, treatment for all common oral health problems is not feasible due to limited resources. As rightly said, prevention is better than cure, and oral health awareness education of the public and schoolchildren at large can make a huge difference.


PDF Share
  1. Filstrup SL, Briskie D, da Fonseca M, Lawrence L, Wandera A,Inglehart MR. Early childhood caries and quality of life: child and parent perspectives. Pediatr Dent 2003 Sep-Oct;25(5): 431-440
  2. Nutrition and health status of school children in urban area of Ahmedabad, India: comparison with Indian Council of Medical Research and body mass index standards. J Nat Sci Biol Med 2015 Jul-Dec;6(2):372-377
  3. Oral Health: dental disease is a chronic problem among low-income populations. Washington (DC): GAO/HEHS; 2000. p. 49
  4. The social impact of dental problems and visits. Am J Public Health 1992 Dec;82(12):1663-1668
  5. The World Oral Health Report 2003: continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century–the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2003 Dec;31(Suppl 1):3-23
  6. Malocclusion status among 15 years old adolescents in relation to fluoride concentration and area of residence. Indian J Dent Res 2013 Jul;24(1):1-7
  7. Evaluating dental awareness and periodontal health status in different socioeconomic groups in the population of Sundernagar, Himachal Pradesh, India. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2012 Jul;2(2):53-57
  8. Challenges to oral the health workforce in India. J Dent Edu 2004 Jul;68(7 Suppl):28-33
  9. Oral health status of 9 to 12 year old school going children in Urban Meerut. Indian J Community Health 2013 Jan-Mar;25(1):61-65
  10. Prevalence of dental diseases 5- to 14-year old school children in rural areas of Barabanki district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Indian J Dent Res 2011 May-Jun;22(3):396-399
  11. Oral health status and treatment needs among primary school going children in Nagrota Begwan block of Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. J Ind Soc Periodontol 2014 Nov-Dec;18(6):762-766
  12. Assessment of gingival and dental caries status among 12 and 15 years old school going children of Ahmedabad city. JADCH 2011 Mar-Aug;2(1):17-21
  13. Oral health knowledge, hygiene practices and treatment seeking behaviour among 12 year old children from Kitale municipality in Kenya. East Afr Med J 2011 Oct;88(10):332-337
  14. Reasons underlying failure to seek dental treatment among Nairobi university students. East Afr Med J 1996 May;73(5):320-322
  15. Prevalence of dental caries, socio-economic status and treatment needs among 5 to 15 year old school going children of Chidambaram. J Clin Diagn Res 2011 Feb;5(1):146-151
  16. Oral health, general health, and quality of life. Bull World Health Organ 2005 Sep;83(9):644
  17. Dental treatment needs in Vancouver inner city elementary school aged children. Int J Dent 2013 Apr;2013:602791
  18. Utilization of dental care: an Indian outlook. J Nat Sci Biol Med 2013 Jul;4(2):292-297
  19. Association between parents and children use of oral health services. Pediatrics 2010 Mar;125(3):502-508
  20. Oral health promotion: an essential element of a health promoting school. WHO Information Series on School Health Document Eleven. Geneva: WHO; 2003
  21. Health Promoting schools: An opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ 2005 Sep;83(9):677-685
  22. Prevalence of gingivitis among children of urban and rural areas of Bhopal district, India. J Clin Diagn Res 2014 Nov;8(11): ZC52-ZC54
  23. Oral health status and treatment needs among 12- and 15-year-old government and private school children in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh , India. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2013 Jan-Jun;3(1):44-50.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.