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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Prevalence of Partial Edentulousness and Treatment needs in Rural Population of South India

Ashish R Jain

Citation Information : Jain AR. Prevalence of Partial Edentulousness and Treatment needs in Rural Population of South India. World J Dent 2017; 8 (3):213-217.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1440

Published Online: 01-06-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).


Abstract

Introduction

Oral disease creates a major public health burden worldwide and receives inadequate attention in many low- and middle-income countries (WHO 2003).

Aim

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of tooth loss and treatment needs of a rural adult population in South India.

Materials and methods

A descriptive point prevalence survey was conducted in three rural districts of Tamil Nadu, South India. A total of 3,000 subjects with a mean age of 36.2 (standard deviation 13.02) years participated in a clinical examination and interview. They were divided into three groups based on age: Group I — 18 to 30 years, group II — 31 to 50 years, and group III — 51 to 80 years.

Results

The overall prevalence of tooth loss was 48.7%. The most commonly occurring type of partial edentulousness was Kennedy's class III in maxilla comprising 23.3% followed by mandible 22.1%. Mandibular first molar was the most common missing tooth. The prevalence of tooth loss was more in males (58.2%) than females (41.8%). Group III subjects had the highest incidence of tooth loss.

Conclusion

The prevalence of tooth loss in South Indian rural population was 48.7%. The most common reason for tooth loss was dental caries which accounted for 50% followed by periodontal reasons 30% and others 10%. Fixed type of prosthesis was the preferred type of restoration for all the individuals with tooth loss, but affordability was the major factor that determined the treatment of the patients.

How to cite this article

Ashraf J, Jain AR, Ariga P, Nallaswamy D. Prevalence of Partial Edentulousness and Treatment needs in Rural Population of South India. World J Dent 2017;8(3):213-217.


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