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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Smoking influences the Occurrence of Radiodermatitis in Head and Neck-irradiated Patients

Milton C Kuga, Mateus R Tonetto, Rafael DS Caetano, Paulo HDS Castro, Ana C Soares

Citation Information : Kuga MC, Tonetto MR, Caetano RD, Castro PH, Soares AC. Smoking influences the Occurrence of Radiodermatitis in Head and Neck-irradiated Patients. World J Dent 2017; 8 (1):55-58.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1411

Published Online: 01-02-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of radiodermatitis in patients undergoing radiotherapy in the head and neck.

Materials and methods

Thirty-eight patients were evaluated 6 months after the end of radiotherapy to treat cancer in the head and neck region. The radiodermatitis was clinically classified as absent, acute, or chronic. Data, such as age, sex, race/ color, drinking and smoking habits, number of radiotherapy sessions, and conduction of adjuvant chemotherapy were also obtained. Fisher's exact test and Pearson's test were used to analyze the correlation of the independent variables and the presence of radiodermatitis.

Results

The mean age of the patients was 59.71 (± 10.67), and 29 (76.3%) were men, 24 (63.2%) were non-white race/ color, 28 (63.7%) were alcohol consumers, and 33 (86.8%) were smokers. The average number of radiotherapy sessions was 37.26 (± 7.66); 30 (78.9%) patients underwent chemotherapy; and 26 (68.4%) had chronic radiodermatitis. The only variable statistically related to the occurrence of radiodermatitis in the patients was smoking.

Conclusion

Radiodermatite was quite prevalent among the studied patients and was directly related to the smoking habit.

How to cite this article

Caetano RDS, Volpato LER, Castro PHDS, Borba AM, Aranha AMF, Kuga MC, Tonetto MR, Soares AC, Bandeca MC, Borges ÁH. Smoking influences the Occurrence of Radiodermatitis in Head and Neck-irradiated Patients. World J Dent 2017;8(1):55-58.


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