World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Compliance with Statutory Tobacco Guidelines in and around Schools in Mangaluru, India: An Observational Study

G Rajesh, Ravi Priyanka, Ashwini Rao, Shenoy Ramya, Pai BH Mithun

Citation Information : Rajesh G, Priyanka R, Rao A, Ramya S, Mithun PB. Compliance with Statutory Tobacco Guidelines in and around Schools in Mangaluru, India: An Observational Study. World J Dent 2017; 8 (1):10-13.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1403

Published Online: 01-02-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



Tobacco is the foremost cause of preventable death and disease in the world today, and India is the second largest consumer of tobacco products in the world. The Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) promulgated in 2003 by the Government of India, not only mandates ban on the sale of tobacco within a 100-yard radius around schools, but also provides guidelines for tobacco-free schools.


To determine if the provisions of the COTPA are being complied with, in Mangaluru, India.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted among 30 randomly selected schools in Mangaluru, India. Information was collected regarding sale of tobacco at vendor locations within 100-yard radius of these schools. An interview schedule was administered to the representative of the school, pertaining to the guidelines for tobacco-free schools.

Statistical analysis used

The data were coded and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. The level of statistical significance was kept at p < 0.05.


There were 48 shops located within 100-yard radius of the schools, out of which 46 (95.8%) sold single cigarettes but only one shop displayed surrogate advertisement. Among the 30 schools surveyed, only 3 (10%) displayed signages prohibiting smoking. Although the guidelines for tobacco-free schools explicitly state that all schools must have a copy of the COTPA, only 3 (10.0%) schools maintained a copy.


This study showed that there was a widespread violation of Section 6 of the COTPA 2003 in Mangaluru, India.

How to cite this article

Priyanka R, Rao A, Rajesh G, Ramya S, Mithun PBH. Compliance with Statutory Tobacco Guidelines in and around Schools in Mangaluru, India: An Observational Study. World J Dent 2017;8(1):10-13.

PDF Share
  1. Tobacco use among youth and adults in member countries of South-East Asia region: review of findings from surveys under the global tobacco surveillance system. Indian J Public Health 2011 Jul-Sep;55(3):169-176.
  2. Tobacco control law enforcement and compliance in Odisha, India – implications for tobacco control policy and practice. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2012;13(9):4631-4637.
  3. How compliant are tobacco vendors to India's tobacco control legislation on ban of advertisements at point of sale? A three jurisdictions review. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014;15(24):10637-10642.
  4. Available from:
  5. Tobacco sales and marketing within 100 yards of schools in Ahmedabad City, India. J Public Health 2013 May;127(5):442-448.
  6. Available from:
  7. Availability, accessibility and promotion of smokeless tobacco in a low-income area of Mumbai. Tob Control 2013 Sep;22(5):324-330.
  8. Tobacco retail outlet advertising practices and proximity to schools, parks and public housing affect Synar underage sales violations in Washington, DC. Tob Control. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051239.
  9. Density of tobacco retailers near schools: effects on tobacco use among students. Am J Public Health 2009 Nov;99(11):2006-2013.
  10. The density of tobacco retailers in home and school environments and relationship with adolescent smoking behaviours in Scotland. Tob Control 2016 Jan;25(1):75-82.
  11. The impact of the tobacco retail outlet environment on adult cessation and differences by neighborhood poverty. Addiction 2015 Jan;110(1):152-161.
  12. Tobacco promotion and availability in school neighborhoods in India: a cross-sectional study of their impact on adolescent tobacco use. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2012;13(8):4173-4176.
  13. Monitoring smoke-free laws in restaurants and educational institutions in Chennai, India. Natl Med J India 2014 Mar-Apr;27(2):76-78.
  14. Tobacco-free schools as a core component of youth tobacco prevention programs: a secondary analysis of data from 43 countries. Eur J Public Health 2015 Apr;25(2):210-215.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.