World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Correlation between Xerostomia, Hyposalivation, and Oral Microbial Load with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Ritika Jindal, Nandita Shenoy, J Udayalakshmi, Srikala Baliga

Citation Information : Jindal R, Shenoy N, Udayalakshmi J, Baliga S. Correlation between Xerostomia, Hyposalivation, and Oral Microbial Load with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients. World J Dent 2016; 7 (2):83-86.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1370

Published Online: 01-06-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aims and objectives

The present study is an attempt to investigate prevalence of xerostomia and hyposalivation in type 2 diabetes mellitus using a modified Schirmer test (MST) and finding any association between xerostomia, hyposalivation, and oral microflora, namely, Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus spp., and Candida spp. with the glycemic control of individual.

Background

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and resulting in either lack or relative insufficiency of insulin. In addition to systemic alterations, oral manifestations of diabetes mellitus have been reported, such as xerostomia and hyposalivation, alteration in taste, caries, gingivitis, and periodontal disease.

Materials and methods

Thirty individuals with known history of diabetes mellitus type 2 were chosen as cases and 30 ageand sex-matched healthy controls were taken as control group. For assessment of hyposalivation, unstimulated salivary flow rate was measured using a MST with a commercially available Schirmer test strip having a millimeter scale (0—35 mm).

Results

In our study, we found that the difference in the wettability of Schirmer strip among diabetics and healthy controls was more significant at the end of the 1st minute due to decreased salivary flow in diabetics.

Conclusion

A n e arly a ssessment o f s alivary f low a nd xerostomia in type 2 diabetic patients and its treatment, along with routine oral hygiene and maintenance, may alter the clinical outcomes of diabetes.

How to cite this article

Ahmed J, Jindal R, Shenoy N, Denny C, Udayalakshmi J, Baliga S. Correlation between Xerostomia, Hyposalivation, and Oral Microbial Load with Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients. World J Dent 2016;7(2):83-86.


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