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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Comparison of Association between Cervical Spine and Face in Subjects with Vertical and Horizontal Growth Pattern: An in vitro Study using Lateral Cephalogram

Sunita Shrivastav, Deoashish D Gupta, Priyanka Niranjane, Narendra Sharma, Rakesh Nathani

Citation Information : Shrivastav S, Gupta DD, Niranjane P, Sharma N, Nathani R. Comparison of Association between Cervical Spine and Face in Subjects with Vertical and Horizontal Growth Pattern: An in vitro Study using Lateral Cephalogram. World J Dent 2016; 7 (2):73-77.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1368

Published Online: 00-06-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to analyze and comparethe association between cervical spine and face in subjects with vertical and horizontal growth pattern using lateral cephalogram.

Materials and methods

Lateral cephalograms of 75 subjects between ages of 18 and 35 years were taken and analyzed. The study sample was divided into three groups of 25 individuals each; i.e., vertical growth pattern (gonial angle > 125°); horizontal growth pattern (gonial angle < 121°); and control group with average growth pattern (gonial angle 123° ± 2.5°). The relation between upper cervical vertebrae and face was compared between three groups by taking linear measurements.

Results

A statistically significant difference was observed in vertical dimensions of second cervical vertebra when it was correlated with anterior cranial base, maxilla and mandible in adults having horizontal and vertical growth pattern as compared to individuals with average growth pattern. Linear vertical measurements between maxilla to cervical spine and mandible to cervical spine were less in horizontal growth pattern as compared to vertical and average growth pattern. The p-value of SCV2—0.001, GoCV2—0.405, and PmCV2—0.001 showed significant results within intergroups.

Conclusion

It can be concluded that there exists an association between the morphology of the cervical vertebrae and the vertical and horizontal skeletal growth patterns.

How to cite this article

Gupta DD, Niranjane P, Sharma N, Shrivastav S, Kamble RH, Nathani R. Comparison of Association between Cervical Spine and Face in Subjects with Vertical and Horizontal Growth Pattern: An in vitro Study using Lateral Cephalogram. World J Dent 2016;7(2):73-77.


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