World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Treatment Modalities of Odontogenic Keratocyst of Maxilla and Mandible: Our Experience

Parveen Akhter Lone, Mohan Singh, Harpreet Singh Johar

Citation Information : Lone PA, Singh M, Johar HS. Treatment Modalities of Odontogenic Keratocyst of Maxilla and Mandible: Our Experience. World J Dent 2015; 6 (4):208-212.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1344

Published Online: 01-12-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background

Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is known for its most aggressive behavior, high recurrence rate and is most common odontogenic cyst of the jaws. After completion of odontogenesis, some remnants of dental epithelium remain in oral cavity and variety of cysts and tumor can develop from this odontogenic epithelium the most common being odontogenic keratocyst. The most common site of occurrence of OKC reported is mandibular body and ramus region.

Objectives

The aim of this study is to report the other frequent site of occurrence, different size of OKC in mandible and maxilla and different treatment modalities depending on size, age, and extent of the lesion.

Materials and methods

Ten patients were selected among the patients referred to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery with cystic lesions on mandible and maxilla. After making diagnosis treatment planning was done depending upon the age, radiographic appearance and size of the lesion.

Results

Odontogenic keratocyst was found more in males than females, was found more in mandible than maxilla. Majority of the cases were in mandible angle ramus region followed by anterior maxilla. Seventy-six percent cases were multilocular radiolucencies, whereas 24% unilocular. Multilocular radiolucencies were treated by wide surgical excision, hemimandibulectomy, whereas unilocular radiolucencies were treated by enucleation.

Conclusion

It is concluded that treatment of OKC depends upon age, radiographic and clinical extent of lesion, unilocular or multilocular appearance, presence of daughter cysts, recurrence rate.

How to cite this article

Lone PA, Singh M, Johar HS. Treatment Modalities of Odontogenic Keratocyst of Maxilla and Mandible: Our Experience. World J Dent 2015;6(4):208-212.


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