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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2015 ) > List of Articles


Influence of Chemical Degradation and Toothbrushing on Surface of Composites

Alessandra Buhler Borges, Cesar Rogério Pucci, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres, Tânia Mara Da Silva, Ana Luísa Leme Simões Sales

Citation Information : Borges AB, Pucci CR, Torres CR, Silva TM, Sales AL. Influence of Chemical Degradation and Toothbrushing on Surface of Composites. World J Dent 2015; 6 (2):65-70.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1316

Published Online: 01-06-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; The Author(s).



The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of chemical degradation media associated with brushing on surface roughness (Ra) and Knoop microhardness (KHN) analyses of different composites.

Materials and methods

Eighty specimens were prepared for each composite: GrandioSO (Voco), Amaris (Voco), Filtek Supreme (3M ESPE), Filtek LS (3M ESPE). The specimens were divided into four groups according to the immersion in chemical degradation media for 7 days: artificial saliva (control), heptane, 0.02 M citric acid, 70% ethanol. The surface of specimens was submitted to 10950 brushing cycles (200 gm load) in an automatic toothbrushing machine with abrasive slurry. Surface roughness and microhardness measurements were obtained at baseline, after immersion in chemical degradation media and after brushing. Data were submitted to three-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05).


The KHN means for composites were: Grandio (153.5 ± 35.9)a, Filtek Supreme (87.0 ± 24.9)b, Amaris (64.5 ± 24.5)c, LS (69.0 ± 15.3)c; for storage media: artificial saliva (97.3 ± 46.7)a, ethanol (93.3 ± 49.9)a, citric acid (95.8 ± 42.1)a, heptane (87.6 ± 36.7)b; and after treatments: after chemical degradation (104.8 ± 49.7)a, baseline (93.8 ± 42.5)b, after brushing (81.9 ± 36.5)c. The Ra results for composites were: LS (0.15 ± 0.25)a, GrandioSO (0.19 ± 0.24)ab, Filtek Supreme (0.20 ± 0.22)ab, Amaris (0.23 ± 0.37)b; for storage media: artificial saliva (0.18 ± 0.31)a, heptane (0.18 ± 0.25)a, ethanol (0.20 ± 0.26)a, citric acid (0.21 ± 0.28)a, and after treatments: brushing (0.11 ± 0.14)a, after chemical degradation (0.23 ± 0.32)b, baseline (0.24 ± 0.32)b.


Brushing after chemical degradation reduced surface roughness values. In general, chemical degradation did not affect composites roughness, but microhardness was significantly reduced. Heptane produced the biggest reduction in composites microhardness.

Clinical relevance

The food-simulating solutions and brushing simulating alter the composites properties, and these alterations are material-dependent.

How to cite this article

Torres CRG, Da Silva TM, Sales ALLS, Pucci CR, Borges AB. Influence of Chemical Degradation and Toothbrushing on Surface of Composites. World J Dent 2015;6(2):65-70.

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