World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2013 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Solitary Bone Cysts of the Mandible: Two Case Reports and a Review of Literature

SM Kotrashetti, Archana Louis, Arati S Neeli

Citation Information : Kotrashetti S, Louis A, Neeli AS. Solitary Bone Cysts of the Mandible: Two Case Reports and a Review of Literature. World J Dent 2013; 4 (3):193-197.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1230

Published Online: 01-09-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background

The solitary bone cyst is an uncommon nonepithelial cyst. Clinically, the lesion is asymptomatic in the majority of cases and is often accidentally discovered on routine radiological examination, frequently during the second decade of life. Its pathogenesis is still not clearly understood. The majority of solitary bone cysts are located in the mandibular body. This article presents two case reports, one in whom a cyst was diagnosed on routine radiographic examination and other patient reported with dull ache and radiographic examination showed bilateral presentation of the cystic lesion.

Materials and methods

In both patients the biopsy was planned. On surgical opening the lesions presented empty cavities. Curettage was done and overlying bone sent for histopathological examination. Both patients were followed for 1 year.

Results

At follow-up visit both patients were examined clinically and radiographically. In both the patients resolution of the lesion was seen at follow-up visit.

Conclusion

Solitary bone cyst is a rare entity with typical clinical and radiographic features. However, confirmation of diagnosis can be made only by histological examination. Solitary bone cyst may be secondary to an underlying bone pathology. Solitary bone cyst of the head and neck may vary in presentation and severity. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice and provides a satisfying outcome.

How to cite this article

Neeli AS, Kotrashetti SM, Louis A. Solitary Bone Cysts of the Mandible: Two Case Reports and a Review of Literature. World J Dent 2013;4(3):193-197.


PDF Share
  1. Solitary bone cyst of the jaws: a review of the etiopathogenic hypotheses. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008;66(11):2345-2348.
  2. Do all cysts in the jaws originate from the dental system? J Am Dent Assoc 1929;16:647-661.
  3. Solitary bone cysts in the mandible. Br Dent J 1946;81:37-49.
  4. ‘Haemorrhagic cysts’ of the mandible. Br J Oral Surg 1965;3:55-91.
  5. Treatment of extravasation cysts with freeze dried homogenous bone grafts. J Oral Surg 1956;14:206-212.
  6. Progressive bone cavities of the mandible. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1955;8:903-916.
  7. Solitary unicameral bone cyst. Arch Surg 1942;44:1004-1025.
  8. Traumatic bone cysts of the jaws and their presentation. Int J Oral Surg 1980;9:287-291.
  9. A solitary bone cyst possibly caused by removal of an impacted third molar. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1987;45: 721-723.
  10. Traumatic bone cyst. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1987;63:318
  11. Surgical treatment and follow-up of solitary bone cyst of the mandible: a report of seven cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2001;39:221-223.
  12. Traumatic bone cyst: a retrospective study of 21 cases. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2009 May 1;14(5):E239-243.
  13. An unusual case of simple bone cyst of the mandible. Int J Oral Surg 1978 Feb;7(1):32-35.
  14. Bilateral haemorrhagic bone cysts of the mandible: A case report. Br J Oral Surg 1979 Mar;16(3):270-273.
  15. Bilateral traumatic bone cyst of the mandible. a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1981;51(2):131-133.
  16. Bilateral traumatic bone cysts of the mandible: an unusual clinical presentation. Med Mil 1991 Jan;156(1):20-22.
  17. Traumatic bone cyst of the condylar region: report of 2 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2007;65:1247
  18. So-called traumatic (hemorrhagic) bone cysts of the jaws. Oral Surg 1971;31:354-365.
  19. A symposium on bone cysts (editorial). Oral Surg 1955;8:899-901.
  20. Additional report on traumatic bone cysts. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1955;8(9):917-939.
  21. Traumatic cyst of the jaws: report of 30 cases. J Am Dent Assoc 1955;92:145-152.
  22. Traumatic bone cysts in the jaws of a Hong Kong Chinese population. Clinical Radiology 1995;50:787-791.
  23. Recurrence of a solitary bone cyst of the mandibular condyle in a bone graft. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1992;74:550-556.
  24. Traumatic bone cysts of jaws. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1974;37:899-910.
  25. Self-healing traumatic bone cysts. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1990;69:597-602.
  26. Hemorrhagic bone cyst and pathologic fracture of mandible: report of case. J Oral Surg 1969;27:345-346.
  27. Alternative treatments for a traumatic bone cyst: A longitudinal case report. Quintessence Int 1998;29:497-550.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.