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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2013 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Intraoral Local Anesthesia and Ocular Complications

Kavitha Patil, Karishma Munoli, Vinod Kumar, Kartik Venkataraghavan

Citation Information : Patil K, Munoli K, Kumar V, Venkataraghavan K. Intraoral Local Anesthesia and Ocular Complications. World J Dent 2013; 4 (2):108-112.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1214

Published Online: 01-06-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background

Ocular complications due to intraoral local anesthesia are rare but most distressing to the dentist and patient. Ocular complications after local anesthetic injections are rarely reported in the literature and these complications include strabismus, ptosis, diplopia, blindness, ophthalmoplegia, loss of accommodation.

The dentist must be vigilant and beware of ocular complications when performing local anesthetic nerve blocks.

Aim

The aim and objective of this review is to help the dental surgeons to understand about the causes, mechanisms and symptoms of ocular complications to enable them to diagnose, manage and prevent those complications.

Materials and methods

The revision included a systematic literature search of past 10 years with keywords dental anesthesia, ocular complications, blindness after dental anesthesia, diplopia following dental anesthesia.

Papers for review were chosen from the selected articles. When data did not appear sufficient or were inconclusive; recommendations were based upon expert or consensus opinion by experienced researchers and clinicians.

Conclusion

The various ocular complications, its causes, mechanisms and management are emphasized in this review paper. As per literature review ocular complications are rare to occur but they are most distressing, clinicians should be aware of complications and should be able to diagnose and understand the complications for timely prevention and effective management.

How to cite this article

Patil K, Munoli K, Kumar V, Venkataraghavan K. Intraoral Local Anesthesia and Ocular Complications. World J Dent 2013;4(2):108-112.


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