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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2012 ) > List of Articles


Comparison of Hardness and Surface Roughness of Two Denture bases Polymerized by Different Methods

Farideh Bahrani, Mahroo Vojdani, Anahita Safari, Ghasem Karampoor

Citation Information : Bahrani F, Vojdani M, Safari A, Karampoor G. Comparison of Hardness and Surface Roughness of Two Denture bases Polymerized by Different Methods. World J Dent 2012; 3 (2):171-175.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1151

Published Online: 01-06-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; The Author(s).



The aim of this study was to evaluate mechanical property hardness and surface roughness (Ra) of different polymerization acrylic resins used for denture bases.

Materials and methods

A total of 30 specimens were prepared and divided in two groups. A total of 15 samples were processed by the compression molding technique using Meliodent (heatcured). Another 15 samples were processed with cold-cured resin Futura Gen via the injection molding technique.

Hardness testing was conducted using a Vickers hardness tester. The Ra test was performed by a profilometer. Data were analyzed using the independent sample t-test and differences were statistically significant at the 0.05 level.


The Vickers hardness numbers (VHN) were 20.8 ± 2.39 for Meliodent and 21.18 ± 1.42 for FuturaGen, which was not significantly different (p > 0.05). The Ra of Meliodent was 0.92 ± 0.23 µm and for FuturaGen it was 0.84 ± 0.37 µm. There were no significant changes in roughness.


The hardness and Ra of Meliodent and FuturaGen were not significantly different. Therefore, we recommend the use of FuturaGen for manufacturing denture base materials.

How to cite this article

Bahrani F, Safari A, Vojdani M, Karampoor G. Comparison of Hardness and Surface Roughness of Two Denture bases Polymerized by Different Methods. World J Dent 2012;3(2):171-175.

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