World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2012 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Issues in Professional Judgment: Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Client with Prosthetic Joint

Frieda A Pickett

Citation Information : Pickett FA. Issues in Professional Judgment: Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Client with Prosthetic Joint. World J Dent 2012; 3 (1):74-76.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1131

Published Online: 01-03-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; The Author(s).


Abstract

Method

PubMed and relevant professional guidelines were searched for research and for evidence-based guidelines.

Outcome

There is a need for evidence-based guidelines developed by stakeholders including the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, the American Dental Association and the Infectious Disease Society. There is an absence of level 1 evidence for or against the use of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with prosthetic joints undergoing invasive dental treatment. Therefore, until the professional organizations provide evidence-based guidance, professional judgment must depend on the client history following joint replacement and the state of the host immune response.

How to cite this article

Pickett FA. Issues in Professional Judgment: Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Client with Prosthetic Joint. World J Dent 2012;3(1):74-76.


PDF Share
  1. Prevention and management of infection after total joint replacement. Clinical Infectious Diseases 1997;25:1310-17. Available at http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/25/6/1310.full.pdf.
  2. Total joint replacement rehabilitation. Medscape, Jan 20, 2010. Available at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/320061-overview.
  3. Antimicrobial prophylaxis in adults. Mayo Clin Proc 2011;86(7):686-701. Available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3127564/pdf/mayoclinproc_86_7_012.pdf.
  4. Do patients with prosthetic joints require dental antimicrobial prophylaxis? Cleveland Clinic J Med 2011;78(1):36-38.
  5. Current concepts review: Prophylactic use of antibiotics for procedures after total joint replacement. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1996;78(11):1755-70.
  6. Antibiotic prophylaxis before invasive dental procedures in patients with arthroplasties of the hip and knee. J Bone Joint Surg Br 200890833-38. Available at http://web.jbjs.org.uk/cgi/content/abstract/90-B/7/833.
  7. The evidence base for the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in dental practice. J Am Dent Assoc 2007;138:458-74.
  8. Advisory statement: Antibiotic prophylaxis for dental patients with prosthetic joint replacements. J Am Dent Assoc 1997;128:1004-08.
  9. Advisory statement: Antibiotic prophylaxis for dental patients with prosthetic joint replacements. J Am Dent Assoc 2003;134:895-99.
  10. Information Statement 1033. Antibiotic prophylaxis for bacteremia in patients with joint replacements. February 2009. http://www.aaos.org/about/pers/advistmt/1033.asp. Accessed January 18, 2012.
  11. Total joint prophylaxis. Available at http://www.ada.org/2157.aspx.
  12. Antimicrobial prophylaxis against infective endocarditis. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2008. NICE clinical guideline 64. http://guidance.nice.org.uk/CG64. Accessed January 14, 2012.
  13. Bacteremia associated with toothbrushing and dental extraction. Circulation 2008;117(24):3118-25.
  14. Dental procedures as risk factors for prosthetic hip or knee infection: A hospital-based prospective case-control study. Clin Infect Dis 2010508-16. Available at http://iis-db.stanford.edu/pubs/22789/CID.Influenza.FINAL.pdf.
  15. Poor oral hygiene as a risk factor for infective endocarditis-related bacteremia. J Am Dent Assoc 2009;140:1238-44.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.