World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2012 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Oral Health Status, Hygiene Habits and Treatment Needs among Elderly Brazilians: A Cross-sectional Study

Rafael Leonardo Xediek Consani, Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, Fernando Luiz Brunetti Montenegro, Silvana Papaléo Arcas, Marcel Hiratsuka, Leonardo Marchini

Citation Information : Consani RL, dos Santos MB, Montenegro FL, Arcas SP, Hiratsuka M, Marchini L. Oral Health Status, Hygiene Habits and Treatment Needs among Elderly Brazilians: A Cross-sectional Study. World J Dent 2012; 3 (1):22-25.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1122

Published Online: 01-03-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; The Author(s).


Abstract

Purpose

Oral health status seems to play an important role in the quality of life of the elderly, the aim of this study was to verify oral hygiene habits, oral health status and treatment needs of a sample of elderly Brazilians in the city of São Paulo.

Materials and methods

A convenience sample of 167 individuals underwent interviews and clinical examinations.

Results

A total of 107 patients (64.1%) reported brushing their teeth 3 or more times per day, 42.5% floss their teeth, and 24.0% uses mouthwash. The average time since the patients’ last visit to a dentist was 2.2 years (±4.6). Only 24.6% of the teeth were periodontally healthy, and the most prevalent pathological condition was gingival recession (46.1%). Eighty-two percent use some type of dental prosthesis. A total of 35.3% of the sample required periodontal treatment, 32.9% needed direct restorations, 39.5% removable partial dentures and 23.4% complete dentures. Positive associations were found between the current condition of oral health and flossing (p = 0.004) and between the current condition and the use of interdental brushing (p = 0.009), and an inverse association with the time elapsed since the last dental appointment (p = 0.016).

Conclusion

The oral health status in this sample was better than observed in previous Brazilian surveys, but dental treatment needs remain high, mainly regarding prosthetic needs.

How to cite this article

dos Santos MBF, Montenegro FLB, Arcas SP, Hiratsuka M, Consani RLX, Marchini L. Oral Health Status, Hygiene Habits and Treatment Needs among Elderly Brazilians: A Cross-sectional Study. World J Dent 2012;3(1): 22-25.


PDF Share
  1. Global Population at a Glance: 2002 and Beyond. Washington DC 2004. p. 1-2. [updated in 01/12/2009 cited 20/02/10]. Available from: https://www.census.gov/prod/4pubs/wp02-1.pdf].
  2. Assessment of changes in oral health-related quality of life among patients with complete denture before and 1 month post-insertion using geriatric oral health assessment index. Gerodontology 2009.
  3. Relationship between oral health and mortality in cardiovascular diseases. J Clin Periodontol 2001;28:762-68.
  4. How dental care can preserve and improve oral health. Dent Clin North Am 2009;53:399-420.
  5. Oral health in America: A report of the Surgeon General. Rockville 2000.
  6. Association between oral health status and nutritional status in south Brazilian independent-living older people. Nutrition 2008;24:546-53.
  7. Periodontal disease as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Stroke 2004;35:496-501.
  8. Systematic review of the association between respiratory diseases and oral health. J Periodontol 2006;77:1465-82.
  9. Demonstrating successful aging using the International Collaborative Study for Oral Health Outcomes. J Public Health Dent 2000;60:282-88.
  10. General health of elderly institutionalised and community-dwelling Brazilians. Gerodontology 2007;24:136-42.
  11. Self-reported oral hygiene habits among institutionalised elderly and their relationship to the condition of oral tissues in Taubate, Brazil. Gerodontology 2006;23:33-37.
  12. SB Brazil 2003 Project-Oral Health Conditions of the Brazilian Population 2002-2003. Brasília: DF2004.
  13. Correlates of partial tooth loss and edentulism in the Brazilian elderly. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2007;35:224-32.
  14. Oral health of Brazilian elderly: A systematic review of epidemiologic status and dental care access. Cad Saude Publica 2005;21:1665-75.
  15. Epidemiological aspects of oral health among the elderly in Brazil. Cad Saude Publica 2002;18: 1313-20.
  16. Using subjective oral health status indicators to screen for dental care needs in older adults. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1996;24:398-402.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.