World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2011 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Dental Infection Control and Occupational Safety in India: 1999 and 2010

Raghunath Puttaiah, Sadashiva Shetty, Deepthi Shetty, Sumit Dubey, Scott Walters, Ira Bernstein, Katherine Froelich-Grobe

Citation Information : Puttaiah R, Shetty S, Shetty D, Dubey S, Walters S, Bernstein I, Froelich-Grobe K. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Dental Infection Control and Occupational Safety in India: 1999 and 2010. World J Dent 2011; 2 (1):1-9.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1045

Published Online: 00-03-2011

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2011; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

The objective was to study knowledge, attitudes, practice (KAP) and needs regarding infection control measures using two cross-sectional surveys from 1999 and 2010 conducted in India. Both data collection instruments had only about 35 comparable variables in common. In 1999, there were 456 respondents (dentists) who used a self-administered survey instrument compared to 272 respondents in 2010. Both the 1999 and 2010 samples were mutually independent with no overlap, had regional differences, and therefore were not directly compared for changes in KAP over time. While almost all respondents from both surveys felt that education in dental safety was needed and wanted mandatory dental safety curriculum in dental schools, severe inadequacies in dental safety knowledge, protection against immunizable diseases, and practice of universal precaution were noted. Data from the study demonstrated that there is a substantial opportunity to improve the knowledge, attitude and practice of dental infection control and occupational safety in India. Respondents reported that infectious disease status of a patient is always known and a significant number reported that they had the right to refuse care for patients of known infectious disease status. Stigma in treating HIV/AIDS patients was still a concern, an ethically troubling response suggesting the need for a stronger focus on educating dentists in subjects, such as dental safety, stigma and infectious disease. Information obtained from this study could be utilized for developing policies oriented towards increasing dental safety educational efforts, in both dental schools as curriculum, and for practicing dentists through professional updates or continuing dental education.


PDF Share
  1. Dental infection control in India at the turn of the century. World Journal of Dentistry 1:1-6.
  2. Public Health Guidance for Community-Level Preparedness and Response to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Version 2. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/guidance/core/app2.htm 3 May, 2005.
  3. Prevention of infection in dental medicine – demands on hygiene. Retrieved from http://www.duerr.de/jap/p06/download/RKI_GB.pdf November 2007.
  4. Occupational safety and health administration. Retrieved from: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/bloodbornepathogens/index.html 2009.
  5. Education in HIV risk screening, counseling, testing, and referral: Survey of US Dental School. Journal of Dental Education 2002;66:1167-77.
  6. AIDS Epidemic Update. Retrieved from http://www.unaids.org/en/CountryResponses/Regions/default.asp 2009.
  7. Retrieved from http://www.avert.org/aids-statistics.htm
  8. Sample infection control needs assessment survey data from eight countries. International Dental Journal 2009;59:271-76.
  9. Dental infection control and occupational safety for oral health professionals, Dental Council of India. Retrieved from http://www.dentalsafety.in/i/Infection-Control-Safety-Book.pdf
  10. Guidelines for infection control in dental health care settings. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5217a1.htm 19 December, 2003.
  11. Recommended infection-control practices for dentistry. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00021095.htm 28 May, 1993.
  12. Guidelines for prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus to health-care and public-safety workers. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/MMWR/PREVIEW/mmwrhtml/00001450.htm 23 June, 1989.
  13. Blood borne pathogens occupational exposure. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/infectioncontrol/faq/bloodborne_exposures.htm 8 October, 2009.
  14. Guidelines for infection control in dental health care settings 2003. Journal of American Dental Association 2004;135:33-47.
  15. Effects of hydrogen peroxide on dental unit biofilms and treatment water contamination. Eur J Dent January 2011;5(1):47-59.
  16. A pilot study of 2 methods for control of dental unit biofilms. Quintessence Int Jan 2000;31(1):41-48.
  17. Failure of anti-retraction valves and the procedure for between patient flushing: A rationale for chemical control of dental unit waterline contamination. Am J Dent Aug 2005;18(4):270-74.
  18. Infection control in dental settings, personal protective equipment, masks, protective eyewear, protective apparel, gloves. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/infectioncontrol/faq/protective_equipment.htm 14 October, 2009.
  19. Recommended infection control practices for dentistry. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr4208.pdf 28 May, 1993.
  20. Infection control practices among dental practitioners of Lahore, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal Medical Sciences 2009;25:126-30.
  21. Fear and loathing in health care settings reported by people with HIV. Sociology of Health and Illness 1997;19:70-92.
  22. AIDS education and prevention interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma: What have we learned? AIDS Education and Prevention 2003;15:49-69.
  23. Problems associated with providing dental care to patients with HIV-infected and AIDS patients. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology 1992;73:231-35.
  24. A survey of ethical dilemmas and practical problems encountered by practicing dentists. Journal of the American Dental Association 1995;126:1554-62.
  25. Gender differences among oral health care workers in caring for HIV/AIDS patients in Osun state, African Health Sciences Nigeria 2005;5:182-87.
  26. Perceived discrimination in clinical care in a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected adults receiving health care. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2005;9:807-13.
  27. Publication of the United Nations Development Program. 1 UNDP. http://regionalcentrebangkok.undp.or.th/practices/hivaids/documents/P1009.pdf 2002.
  28. AIDS, drug prices and generic drugs. Retrieved from http://www.avert.org/generic.htm
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.