World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2024 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Cytocompatibility of a Monomethacrylate-based Dental Copolymer Containing 1,3,5-triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine as a Cross-linking Comonomer: An In Vitro Research

Vikraman Rakshagan, Ranganathan Ajay, Rajendran Arun, Arul Queenalice, Vasudevan Karthikeyan, Ramakrishan Mahesh

Keywords : Cell viability, Cross-linker, Copolymer, Denture base, In vitro cytotoxicity

Citation Information : Rakshagan V, Ajay R, Arun R, Queenalice A, Karthikeyan V, Mahesh R. Cytocompatibility of a Monomethacrylate-based Dental Copolymer Containing 1,3,5-triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine as a Cross-linking Comonomer: An In Vitro Research. World J Dent 2024; 15 (4):343-347.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2405

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 17-05-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: To assess the in vitro cytocompatibility of a monomethacrylate-based dental copolymer [P(MMA-Co-TATA)] containing 1,3,5-triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine (TATA) as a cross-linking comonomer using human cells by tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Materials and methods: The research groups were categorized based on the composition of the resultant polymer formed. Nine disk-shaped specimens (n = 9) per group were prepared using the thermo-polymerization technique. Group G0 (control) consists of polymerized poly(methyl methacrylate) [P(MMA)] specimens without TATA; trial groups G10 and G20 had copolymerized specimens P(MMA-Co-TATA) with 10 and 20% TATA cross-linker (CL), respectively. Obtained eluates from the specimens were tested for in vitro cytotoxicity by MTT assay in terms of cell viability percentage (CV%) on the human keratinocytes (HK) and human gingival fibroblasts (HGF). Results: The mean CV% of G0, G10, and G20 for the HK was 72.04, 74.82, and 80.54%, respectively. Concerning HGF, the mean CV% of G0, G10, and G20 was 73.68, 80.09, and 85.00%, respectively. The descending order of cytotoxicity was G0 > G10 > G20. The CV% was statistically significant among and between the groups (p < 0.05) with both HK and HGF. Conclusion: The novel P(MMA-Co-TATA) copolymer was nontoxic to human cells in vitro when compared to the P(MMA). P(MMA-Co-TATA) with 20 wt% TATA exhibited the highest CV%. Clinical significance: Since TATA is an antimicrobial CL, the resultant dentures could possess improved mechanical properties along with resistance to microbial adhesion on the denture surface. This could reduce the perchance of denture-induced infections in debilitated senile geriatric patients.


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