World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2024 ) > List of Articles


An In Vitro Comparison of Composite Laminate Veneer Fit Using Computer-aided Design/Computer-aided Manufacturing Milling, Three-dimensional Printing, and Two Resin Cements

Baljinder Kaur, P Jayakrishna Babu, V Bhanu Chander, Lokesh Sunkala, Kopparapu Venkata Guru Charan Karthik, Kiran K Rathore

Keywords : Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing milling, Conventional technique, Marginal fit, Three-dimensional printing, Veneers

Citation Information : Kaur B, Babu PJ, Chander VB, Sunkala L, Karthik KV, Rathore KK. An In Vitro Comparison of Composite Laminate Veneer Fit Using Computer-aided Design/Computer-aided Manufacturing Milling, Three-dimensional Printing, and Two Resin Cements. World J Dent 2024; 15 (4):326-330.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2407

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 17-05-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Aim: The success of the manufactured veneers depends significantly on their margin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the marginal and internal fit of composite veneer made by conventional computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) milling and three-dimensional (3D) printing technique and cemented with two types of composite resin cement was the focus of this in vitro study. Materials and methods: Around 10 composite veneers were fabricated from Ivoclar Vivadent Tetric N-Ceram composite material, 10 veneers were milled from composite blank bredent UK, and 10 veneers were 3D printed from Aqua Ivory 4K composite resin material. Veneers were cemented to composite resin dies using either RelyX veneer cement (3M ESPE RelyX U200) or Panavia cement (Kuraray Panavia SA). The specimens were sectioned incisogingivally followed by the scanning electron microscope examination for the internal gap and marginal discrepancy at three different locations. Results: The difference between the groups was examined using Tukey multiple comparisons and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Veneers fabricated with conventional layering technique showed significant differences in better marginal and internal adaptation (IA) compared to veneers fabricated by CAD/CAM milling and 3D printing technique (p < 0.001). Gaps at the cervical position were significantly lower than gaps at the incisal position. Conclusion: Smaller marginal and internal discrepancies were recorded for veneers fabricated by using the conventional technique compared with milled and 3D-printed veneers. Larger discrepancies were present initially than cervically. Clinical significance: Marginal and IA of composite veneer largely determines their long-term success.

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