World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Denture-related Oral Mucosal Lesions in a Private Dental Institute: A Retrospective Study

Ashwin S Kumar, Vivek Narayan

Keywords : Complete denture, Denture stomatitis, Epulis fissuratum, Partial denture, Traumatic ulcer

Citation Information : Kumar AS, Narayan V. Denture-related Oral Mucosal Lesions in a Private Dental Institute: A Retrospective Study. World J Dent 2024; 15 (3):244-247.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2386

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 20-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of denture-related oral lesions and also to find out the type of denture-related lesions most commonly found in denture wearers attending a private dental institute in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study, and the data was obtained from patients’ past case records. The study was done in a university setting. The total sample size of the study was 500. Patients who were denture wearers and attended the dental institute from June to July 2021 were included in the study, and all those patients who had denture-related lesions were included. Data such as age, gender, presence and absence of denture-related lesions, and types of denture-related lesions were gathered and entered into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet; the data was moved to Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23.0 for statistical analysis. To determine the relationship between various variables, Chi-squared tests were used, and a p-value of <5% was deemed statistically significant. Results: Out of 500 patients, 297 patients had denture-related oral lesions. The prevalence of denture-related lesions was found to be 59.4%. The distribution of denture-related oral lesions was studied, and it was found to occur more in males (31.8%) than in females (27.6%). In both sexes, denture stomatitis seems to be the common lesion, followed by traumatic ulcer and finally by epulis fissuratum. It was found that the 50 years and older age-group had the maximum denture-related lesions (28.6%) and had denture stomatitis as the dominant lesion (12.8%), followed by traumatic ulcer (10.8%), and finally by epulis fissuratum (5%). Conclusion: Denture-related lesions were more commonly found in older age-groups and in males. This could be attributed to poor patient understanding and awareness about denture maintenance and wearing. Clinical significance: Proper fabrication of the prosthesis and careful examination of the oral cavity with and without the prosthesis is extremely important in order to avoid missing lesions related to the denture.

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