World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Efficacy of Locally Delivered Simvastatin Combined with Autologous Platelet-rich Fibrin in Treatment of Intrabony Defects: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Kommula M Meghana Devi, Gautami S Penmetsa, Arun Bhupathi, Sruthima NVS Gottumukkala, Mohan K Pasupulet, Vivek Bypalli, Krishna C Patri

Keywords : Autologous platelet-rich fibrin, Oral health, Platelet-rich fibrin, Randomized control trial

Citation Information : Devi KM, Penmetsa GS, Bhupathi A, Gottumukkala SN, Pasupulet MK, Bypalli V, Patri KC. Efficacy of Locally Delivered Simvastatin Combined with Autologous Platelet-rich Fibrin in Treatment of Intrabony Defects: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. World J Dent 2024; 15 (3):201-207.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2391

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 20-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Aim: This study aimed to assess and compare, in the context of surgical therapy of intraosseous defects, the regeneration capacity of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) alone vs PRF plus simvastatin (SMV). Materials and methods: A total of 30 sites in 15 participants with bilateral interproximal intraosseous defects on radiographs with moderate-to-severe periodontitis were randomly assigned to control (PRF) and test (SMV + PRF) groups. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and gingival recession (GR) were recorded at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Reduction in defect depth (DD) and amount of osseous fill was evaluated radiographically from baseline to 3 and 6 months. Results: Every clinical measure was reduced in both groups in a statistically significant way. The mean amount of osseous fill at 6 months was statistically significantly higher in the test group. Conclusion: It can be concluded that both groups showed definitive improvement in all parameters. When SMV + PRF was utilized to treat alveolar defects, however, the group's outcomes were noticeably improved in terms of both clinical and radiographic criteria. Clinical significance: Simvastatin (SMV) has the potential to aid in regeneration and has shown itself to be a cost-effective and secure substitute for traditional grafting techniques.

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