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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation of Dermatoglyphic Patterns between Two Different Ethnic Populations: A Comparative Study

Arpita Singh, Nilanjana Sarkar, George Sam, Nivedita Sahoo, Biswaroop Mohanty, Shilpa Mailankote, Shazia Mushtaq, Saiid Elshafey M Beshir

Keywords : Bengali, Dermatoglyphics, Genetics, Malocclusion, Odia, Palm impression

Citation Information : Singh A, Sarkar N, Sam G, Sahoo N, Mohanty B, Mailankote S, Mushtaq S, Beshir SE. Evaluation of Dermatoglyphic Patterns between Two Different Ethnic Populations: A Comparative Study. World J Dent 2024; 15 (2):150-154.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2383

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 02-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Aim: The aim of the present investigation was to compare the fingerprint patterns between Odia and Bengali students. Materials and methods: For the present study, a total of 200 Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) students between the ages of 20 and 25 were chosen. There were 100 Odia BDS students in group A. One hundred Bengali BDS students comprised group B. Fingerprints were taken after the subjects were chosen. All of the samples’ fingerprints and palm impressions were assessed. The study investigated the percentage frequency of various hand and digit patterns. A statistical analysis was also performed on the fingertip pattern. Results: The total number of arches among Odia students was 145 (61.70%) whereas for Bengali students it was 90 (38.29%). Similarly, the number of whorls for Odia students was 514 (52.44%), and for Bengali students, it was 466 (47.56%). The percentage frequency of ulnar loops for group A was 344 (41.19%), and for group B, it was 491 (58.80%). For radial loops, the Odia students had a percentage of 73 (47.71%) and the Bengali students had a percentage of 80 (52.28%). The variation of percentage frequency of twinned loops among group A was 70 (79.54%) and 18 (20.45%). Conclusion: The present study concluded that an increase in ulnar loops and whorls was found in both Odia and Bengali students. There was complete absence of radial loops in digit I, II, and III among Bengali students compared to Odia adults. There was complete absence of twinned loops in digits III–V for both groups. There was complete absence of central pocket loops from all the digits of both groups on both sides. Clinical significance: A useful technique for including and excluding suspects at crime scenes is the distinctive and enduring nature of dermatoglyphic traits. In forensic situations, dermatoglyphic print comparisons can be used to prove personal identification. Additionally, dermatoglyphic traits have been utilized by academics to examine differences across various ancestries and population groups.

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