World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Survival Rate of Surface-treated Mini-implants: A Systematic Review

Preethi Rajamanickam, Ravindra K Jain, Akriti Tiwari, Nazleen V Vas

Keywords : Acid-etched mini-implant, OMIs, Sandblasted mini-implant, Surface-treated mini-implant, Temporary anchorage device

Citation Information : Rajamanickam P, Jain RK, Tiwari A, Vas NV. Survival Rate of Surface-treated Mini-implants: A Systematic Review. World J Dent 2023; 14 (3):286-292.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2210

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 05-05-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Background: Various surface treatments have been carried out to improve the stability of the orthodontic mini-implants (OMIs) and reduce the failure rate. The current review aimed to systematically analyze and report on the evidence about the survival rates of OMIs that are subjected to surface treatment. Objective: To report on survival rates of OMIs subjected to surface treatment. Materials and methods: Search—a complete search on the survival rate of surface-treated OMIs across the following electronic databases PubMed, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and a manual search of orthodontic journals was performed till December 2022. Studies were selected on the basis of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Results: Four randomized controlled trials (RCT) and three prospective clinical trials (PCTs) were included in this review. A total of 379 mini-implants were assessed, out of which 193 OMIs were surface treated. Of the seven studies assessed, four RCTs had a moderate/unclear risk of bias (ROB). Out of three prospective studies, two were of poor quality, and one was moderate. All studies reported higher survival rates of surface-treated OMIs than the nontreated OMIs. No significant differences between surface-treated and nontreated OMIs were noted for insertion torques and mobility. Conclusion: Surface treatment of OMIs significantly improved the survival rate. Insertion torques and mobility were not affected by the surface treatment of OMIs. These results should be interpreted with caution as the overall ROB in the studies included was moderate to high.

PDF Share
  1. Yoo SH, Park YC, Hwang CJ, et al. A comparison of tapered and cylindrical miniscrew stability. Eur J Orthod 2014;36(5):557–562. DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjt092
  2. Chen YJ, Chang HH, Lin HY, et al. Stability of miniplates and miniscrews used for orthodontic anchorage: experience with 492 temporary anchorage devices. Clin Oral Implants Res 2008;19(11):1188–1196. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2008.01571.x
  3. Upadhyay M, Yadav S, Patil S. Mini-implant anchorage for en-masse retraction of maxillary anterior teeth: a clinical cephalometric study. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008;134(6):803–810. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2006.10.025
  4. Reynders R, Ronchi L, Bipat S. Mini-implants in orthodontics: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2009;135(5):564.e1–564.e19. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2008.09.026
  5. Tanaka Y. About Cochrane risk of bias 2.0. JJSCA 2021;41:614–621. DOI: 10.2199/jjsca.41.614
  6. Hartling L, Milne A, Hamm MP, et al. Testing the Newcastle Ottawa Scale showed low reliability between individual reviewers. J Clin Epidemiol 2013;66(9):982–993. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2013.03.003
  7. Moghaddam SF, Mohammadi A, Behroozian A. The effect of sandblasting and acid etching on survival rate of orthodontic miniscrews: a split-mouth randomized controlled trial. Prog Orthod 2021;22(1):2. DOI: 10.1186/s40510-020-00347-z
  8. Park HJ, Choi SH, Choi YJ, et al. A prospective, split-mouth, clinical study of orthodontic titanium miniscrews with machined and acid-etched surfaces. Angle Orthod 2019;89(3):411–417. DOI: 10.2319/031618-211.1
  9. Hammad S, Hafez A. Effect of surface treatment of orthodontic mini-screw implants on their stability; in vivo study. Egypt Dent J 2017;63(4):2949–2954. DOI: 10.21608/edj.2017.75997
  10. Manni A, Drago S, Migliorati M. Success rate of surface-treated and non-treated orthodontic miniscrews as anchorage reinforcement in the lower arch for the Herbst appliance: A single-centre, randomised split-mouth clinical trial. Eur J Orthod 2022;44(4):452–457. DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjab081
  11. Chaddad K, Ferreira AFH, Geurs N, et al. Influence of surface characteristics on survival rates of mini-implants. Angle Orthod 2008;78(1):107–113. DOI: 10.2319/100206-401.1
  12. Calderón JH, Valencia RM, Casasa AA, et al. Biomechanical anchorage evaluation of mini-implants treated with sandblasting and acid etching in orthodontics. Implant Dent 2011;20(4):273–279. DOI: 10.1097/ID.0b013e3182167308
  13. Luchini C, Stubbs B, Solmi M, et al. Assessing the quality of studies in meta-analyses: advantages and limitations of the Newcastle Ottawa Scale. World J Meta-Anal 2017;5(4):80–84. DOI: 10.13105/wjma.v5.i4.80
  14. Bratu DC, Popa G, Petrescu H, et al. Influence of chemically-modified implant surfaces on the stability of orthodontic mini-implants. Revista De Chimie 2014;65(10):1222–1225.
  15. Ottoni JM, Oliveira ZF, Mansini R, et al. Correlation between placement torque and survival of single-tooth implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2005;20(5):769–776.
  16. Lee SJ, Ahn SJ, Lee JW, et al. Survival analysis of orthodontic mini-implants. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2010;137(2):194–199. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2008.03.031
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.