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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Impact of Vitamin D Deficiency on Gingival Health Condition and Salivary Level of Prostaglandin E2 among Group of Females

Narjes M Alhelfi, Nibal M Hoobi

Keywords : Calculus index, Case-control study, Gingivitis, Gingival index, Plaque index, Prostaglandin E2, Vitamin D deficiency

Citation Information : Alhelfi NM, Hoobi NM. Impact of Vitamin D Deficiency on Gingival Health Condition and Salivary Level of Prostaglandin E2 among Group of Females. World J Dent 2023; 14 (3):214-219.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2194

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 05-05-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: The goal of this study was to find out the impact of vitamin D deficiency on gingival, plaque, and calculus indices (CalI) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels in unstimulated saliva. Materials and methods: This study was a case-control type, and the total sample was 80 women aged 20–30 years—the first group consisted of 40 women with vitamin D levels below 10 ng/mol, and the second group consisted of 40 women with vitamin D levels 30 ng/mol or more. The College of Dentistry/the University of Baghdad Ethical Committee provided a consent form. Oral health status assed by using the plaque index (PlI) of Silness and Loe (1964), Ramfjord's CalI (1959), and Loe and Silness’ gingival index (GI) (1963). A collection of unstimulated saliva was done to measure salivary PGE2. Results: Current study data revealed that the GI and PGE2 were higher in the study group, with statistically highly significant (p < 0.01) and significant (p < 0.05) differences, respectively. Both plaque and CalI were found higher in the study with no significant difference (p > 0.05). Conclusion: This study reported an increase in the salivary PGE2 and GI among vitamin D deficient women. Clinical significance: To preserve oral health, healthcare providers must raise awareness. Controlling vitamin D levels for oral health is a matter that should not be ignored, particularly in early life.

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