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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation and Comparison of Conventional Techniques with the Advanced Axiographic Technique in Recording Condylar Guidance

Ganaraj Shetty, Manoj Shetty

Keywords : Aluwax, Axiograph, Condylar guidance, Gothic arch tracing, Interocclusal bite record

Citation Information : Shetty G, Shetty M. Evaluation and Comparison of Conventional Techniques with the Advanced Axiographic Technique in Recording Condylar Guidance. World J Dent 2023; 14 (12):1075-1083.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2347

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the conventional techniques with the advanced axiographic technique in recording condylar guidance to validate the most accurate method in obtaining condylar guidance values in a horizontal and vertical relationship of the mandible to the maxilla. Materials and methods: Completely edentulous subjects referred to the Department of Prosthodontics for receiving complete denture prostheses were considered to participate in the study. The condylar guidance was recorded using the Gothic arch tracing technique, interocclusal bite recording technique, and axiographic technique to program the articulator to achieve balanced occlusion. Results: The data on various study parameters were obtained and summarized using appropriate statistical measures. No significant difference was observed in recording condylar guidance amongst the extraoral Gothic arch tracing, interocclusal bite record, and axiographic tracings. The mean difference between the extraoral Gothic arch tracing and the interocclusal bite record is 1.19°. The mean difference between the extraoral Gothic arch tracing and the axiographic tracings is 0.96°. The mean difference between the interocclusal bite record tracing and the axiographic tracings is 0.23°. Conclusion: The interocclusal bite record and axiographic techniques can replace the use of the Gothic arch tracing method, which helps in accurately programming the semi-adjustable articulator and will ease the procedure, which is less time-consuming cumbersome which can facilitate providing designed occlusion in complete denture prosthesis. Clinical significance: To develop the planned disocclusion, group function occlusion or balanced occlusion in indirect restorations, and programming of the articulator to appropriate condylar guidance, which is a critical step. The simple interocclusal records technique and axiographic technique can be used to replace Gothic arch tracing; thereby, it can not only reduce the clinical step but also adapt easier and simpler clinical procedures in programming articulators.

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