World Journal of Dentistry

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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

A Clinical Evaluation of Advanced Platelet-rich Fibrin and Bioresorbable Collagen Membrane for Root Coverage Using Vestibular Incision Subperiosteal Tunnel Access Technique: A Comparative Study

Surabhi Durgapal, Mamatha Shetty

Keywords : Advanced platelet-rich fibrin, Collagen membrane, Gingival recession, Vestibular incision subperiosteal tunnel access

Citation Information : Durgapal S, Shetty M. A Clinical Evaluation of Advanced Platelet-rich Fibrin and Bioresorbable Collagen Membrane for Root Coverage Using Vestibular Incision Subperiosteal Tunnel Access Technique: A Comparative Study. World J Dent 2023; 14 (12):1056-1062.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-2343

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The present study aims to compare and evaluate the effectiveness of a bioresorbable collagen membrane (CM) (bioguide) and an advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) when combined with the vestibular incision subperiosteal tunnel access (VISTA) technique to treat Cairo's root type 1 (RT1) and RT2 gingival recession abnormalities. Materials and methods: The clinical trial was a split-mouth randomized clinical trial that included 44 sites within the age-group 18–50 years with the bilateral Cairo RT1 or RT2 gingival recession defect. Recession defects at antagonist sites in each patient were categorized into group I (VISTA + bioresorbable CM) and group II (VISTA + A-PRF) and comparative evaluations were made. Gingival index (GI), the width of keratinized gingiva (WKG), pocket probing depth (PPD), recession height (RH), mean clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival thickness (GT), and mean root coverage (MRC) were recorded and statistically analyzed at baseline and 6 months posttreatment. Results: A statistically significant difference in MRC was detected during the follow-up period of 6 months with 76.95 ± 17.11 in group I and 86.09 ± 17.11 in group II. Analysis of GT demonstrated improvement in both groups (72.4% in group I and 76.6% in group II) from baseline to 6 months posttreatment. Conclusion: The VISTA along with A-PRF and CM has resulted in better outcomes with more promising results observed in the A-PRF group. Clinical significance: The ultimate goal of the root coverage procedure is to reduce sensitivity, improve esthetics, protect the root surfaces, promote periodontal health, and enhance oral function. The use of VISTA with A-PRF and CM provides reduced trauma and better healing properties negating the use of two surgical sites.


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