Citation Information :
Maliael MT, Jain RK, Srirengalakshmi M. Effect of Nanoparticle Coatings on Frictional Resistance of Orthodontic Archwires: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. World J Dent 2022; 13 (4):417-424.
Aim: This review aims to perform a systematic evaluation of the literature and report on the effect of nanoparticle (NP) coating on frictional resistance (FR) of orthodontic archwires.
Background: Frictional resistance offered by archwires and brackets during orthodontic treatment can be minimized by surface treatment, and NP coating of archwires and brackets has been reported to reduce FR.
Review results: A total of ten in vitro studies were included in the qualitative analysis, and five studies were included in the quantitative analysis for this review; eight of the included articles identified a significant decrease in FR of the coated wires when compared to uncoated wires. The overall methodological quality of the included studies was moderate. There was a significant reduction in FR of NP coated SS wires (MD = −1.28N; 95% CI: −1.90, −0.67; p < 0.0001) and NiTi wires (MD = −0.19N; 95% CI: −0.28, −0.15; p < 0.00001) when compared with uncoated wires.
Conclusion: Both qualitative and quantitative assessment of the available literature suggests a significant reduction in FR of orthodontic archwires subjected to NP coating.
Clinical significance: Nanoparticle coating of archwires reduces FR; hence during orthodontic treatment coated archwires can be used to obtain better results.
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