Risk Factors of Musculoskeletal Problems among Dental Professionals in a Dental Institute: A Cross-sectional Survey
Sagar J Shah, Shrushti Shah, Mahesh R Khairnar, Rohit Dhole, Umesh Wadgave, Amol Karagir, Swarali Shah
Dentists, Musculoskeletal symptoms, Occupational health hazards, Prevalence
Citation Information :
Shah SJ, Shah S, Khairnar MR, Dhole R, Wadgave U, Karagir A, Shah S. Risk Factors of Musculoskeletal Problems among Dental Professionals in a Dental Institute: A Cross-sectional Survey. World J Dent 2022; 13 (1):35-39.
Aim: To determine the risk factors and prevalence of various musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among dental professionals.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on a sample of 225 dental professionals by administering a structured questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression method.
Results: A high proportion of dental professionals reported MSDs at one or the other body regions, with neck being the most affected area (48.9%) followed by lower back (46.2%) and shoulder (45.8%). Working in same position or awkward/cramped position, bending or twisting neck or back while working, etc. were some of the self-reported job risk factors among dental professionals. Females showed significantly increased risk of developing MSDs (OR = 1.53) as compared to males. Non-vegetarian diet, lack of physical activity, excess daily working hours were other predictors for MSD.
Conclusion: Prevalence of MSD was high among dental professionals in the present study. Gender, diet, physical activity, working hours were found to be related with musculoskeletal pain. This calls for appropriate educational measures in ergonomics and identifying work-related and non-work–related risk factors to reduce the occurrence of MSD among dental professionals.
Clinical significance: This article provides insights in understanding risks factors and possible approaches to reduce MSDs in workplace.
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