Aim and objective: This in vivo longitudinal study aimed to do a comparative analysis of the efficacy of carrier-based obturation (CBO) technique and lateral compaction (LC) technique in patients undergoing root canal therapy.
Materials and methods: A total of 40 patients scheduled to undergo root canal therapy were enrolled based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The patients were assessed using periapical digital radiographs. All the patients were broadly divided into two study groups based on the type of obturation technique used as follows: Group I—patients in which CBO technique with Thermafill carriers (30/0.04) (Dentsply Maillefer) with EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brassler, USA) was used and group II—patients in which LC technique with 30, 0.02 taper GP cone (Dentsply Maillefer) with EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brassler, USA) was used. All the root canal procedures were performed by two skilled and experienced endodontists. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of all the patients was done for assessing gutta-percha-filled area (GPFA) and the prognosis.
Results: Clinical and radiographic success was seen in 90% of the patients of group I while it was seen in 95% of the patients of group II. Statistically, nonsignificant results were obtained in the comparison of the efficacy of both the obturation techniques.
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it can be opined that in patients undergoing root canal therapy, both the obturation techniques can be used with equal effectiveness.
Clinical significance: The present study helps us in envisaging the preferable obturation technique out of lateral condensation technique and CBO technique when the influence of treatment variables is also instituted. This study enhances the scope of obturation techniques in the discipline of endodontics.
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