Citation Information :
Basheer SN, Arishi TM, Albar N, Peeran SW, Peeran SA, Zameer M. Smartphone Addiction and Its Impact on Knowledge, Cognitive, and Psychomotor Skills of the Dental Students at Jazan University. World J Dent 2020; 11 (6):468-473.
Aim: Impact of smartphone (SP) addiction on knowledge, cognitive, and psychomotor skills of dental students at Jazan University. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 students (male and female) in the dentistry college, Jazan University. A validated questionnaire was used to collect the data of SP usage to check its addiction among the studied subjects. Participation in the study was voluntary. Once the responses from the participating students were obtained; they were classified as SP-addicted and SP non-addicted students. Later, their performance in the theory exam (for knowledge and cognitive skills) and clinical exam (for psychomotor skills) along with their addiction status and gender were correlated and compared by doing statistical analysis using the Chi-square test. Results: The results showed no significant negative impact of SP addiction on knowledge, cognitive, and psychomotor skills of dental students at Jazan University. Conclusion: This is the first study known to the authors that deals with the effects of SP addiction on the knowledge, cognitive, and psychomotor skills of dental students. The limitations of this study warrant further studies in this regard with a larger sample size and better design to further study the effects of SP use and addiction and make evidence-based recommendations on the use of SP and its effects on operative dentistry skills among dentists. Clinical significance: Understanding the effects of SP addiction on knowledge, cognitive, and psychomotor skills will help in modifying the behavior related to the use of SPs by dental students and improve their academic performance.
Cha S-S, Seo B-K. Smartphone use and smartphone addiction in middle school students in Korea: prevalence, social networking service, and game use. Health Psychol Open 2018;5(1):205510291875504 10.1177/2055102918755046.
Lu T, Neng W. Future internet: the internet of things. IEEE 2010. V5-376–V5-380.
Internet economics McKnight LW, Bailey JP, ed., Cambridge, MA: MIT Press; 1997. p. 525. $35.00; Computers & mathematics with applications (1987). 1997;34(10):137.
Shabot MM. Medicine on the internet. Proceedings - Baylor University Medical Center 2001;14(1):27–31. DOI: 10.1080/08998280.2001.11927727.
Halboub E, Othathi F, Mutawwam F, et al. Effect of social networking on academic achievement of dental students, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J 2016;22(12):865–871. DOI: 10.26719/2016.22.12.865.
Kömerik N. Health-care education: from lecture room to cyberspace. Dentist Med Res 2014;2(1):1–2. DOI: 10.4103/2348-1471.131555.
Komerik N. Use of the internet among dental students in Turkey. J Dent Educ 2005;69(4):470–475. DOI: 10.1002/j.0022-0337.2005.69.4.tb03935.x.
Khatoon B, Hill K, Walmsley AD. Mobile learning in dentistry: challenges and opportunities. Br Dent J 2019;227(4):298–304. DOI: 10.1038/s41415-019-0615-x.
Kietzmann JH, Hermkens K, McCarthy IP, et al. Social media? get serious! understanding the functional building blocks of social media. Bus Horiz 2011;54(3):241–251. DOI: 10.1016/j.bushor.2011.01.005.
Ventola CL. Social media and health care professionals: benefits, risks, and best practices. P&T (Lawrenceville, NJ) 2014;39(7):491–520.
Kwon M, Lee J-Y, Won W-Y, et al. Development and validation of a smartphone addiction scale (SAS). PLoS ONE 2013;8(2):e56936. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056936.
Samaha M, Hawi NS. Relationships among smartphone addiction, stress, academic performance, and satisfaction with life. Comput Human Behav 2016;57:321–325. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.045.
Lemola S, Perkinson-Gloor N, Brand S, et al. Adolescents’ electronic media use at night, sleep disturbance, and depressive symptoms in the smartphone age. J Youth Adolesc 2014;44(2):405–418. DOI: 10.1007/s10964-014-0176-x.
Hysing M, Pallesen S, Stormark KM, et al. Sleep and use of electronic devices in adolescence: results from a large population-based study. BMJ Open 2015;5(1):e006748. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006748.
Khan M. Adverse effects of excessive mobile phone use. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2008;21(4):289–293. DOI: 10.2478/v10001-008-0028-6.
Perry SD, Lee KC. Mobile phone text messaging overuse among developing world university students. Communicatio 2007;33(2):63–79. DOI: 10.1080/02500160701685417.
King ALS, Valença AM, Silva AC, et al. “Nomophobia”: impact of cell phone use interfering with symptoms and emotions of individuals with panic disorder compared with a control group. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2014;10(1):28–35. DOI: 10.2174/1745017901410010028.
Lin Y-H, Chang L-R, Lee Y-H, et al. Development and validation of the smartphone addiction inventory (SPAI). PLoS ONE 2014;9(6):e98312. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098312.
Kim D, Lee Y, Lee J, et al. Development of korean smartphone addiction proneness scale for youth. PLoS ONE 2014;9(5):e97920. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097920.
S Y. students “can”t sew or cut’ because they spend too much time on screens, professor warns 2018 [Available from: https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/surgery-students-dexterity-smartphones-keyboards-screens-craft-skills-stitch-roger-kneebone-a8608201.html.
S C. Surgery students “losing dexterity to sew” ONLINE: BBC; 2018 [Available from: https://www.bbc.com/news/education-46019429.
M W. Raised on screens lack skills for surgery Online: theguardian.com; 2018 [online:[raised on screens lack skills for surgery]. Available from: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/oct/30/medical-students-raised-on-screens-lack-skills-for-surgery#:~:text=New%20medical%20students%20have%20spent,a%20leading%20surgeon%20has%20warned.&text=Kneebone%20said%20there%20had%20been,smartphones%20had%20become%20so%20popular.
News B, Video games made me a better surgeon online: BBC News; 2018 [online:[Available from: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-46036095.
Prasad M, Patthi B, Singla A, et al. Nomophobia: a cross-sectional study to assess mobile phone usage among dental students. J Clin Diagnos Res 2017;11(2):ZC34–ZC39. DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/20858.9341.