Background: Advanced developments in the field of dentistry have observed the utilization of implants as a manageable treatment approach for edentulous patients. In addition, the rapid emergence of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is aforethought significant, particularly for optimum implant installation. The objective of this investigation is to radiographically evaluate the bone density and alveolar bone height in the vicinity of implants and premolars in tooth-implant sustained fixed partial dentures (FPDs) with rigid connector vs implant–implant supported FPDs with rigid connector using CBCT.
Materials and methods: The height and width of the implant were taken into consideration. A sample of eight patients was used having both males and females, aged between 30 years and 45 years with good oral hygiene and divided into two groups. Patients within group I were given a tooth-implant-supported FPD associated to the dental implant at the site of mandibular second molar. On the contrary, patients of group II were given an implant–implant FPD associated to a distal implant at the site of second molar. For evaluating the bone quality of each patient, preoperative panoramic radiographs using the orthopantomograph OT 100 and CBCT images using Scanora 3D were constructed.
Results: The findings of the current study indicated that there was no statistically substantial discrepancy among values of bone density in groups.
Conclusion: It is concluded that progressive loading tends to increase the bone density by time.
Albrektsson T, Dahl E, Enbom L, et al. Osseointegrated oral implants. J Periodontol 1988;59(5):287–296. DOI: 10.1902/jop.1918.104.22.1687.
Lindh T, Dahlgren S, Gunnarsson K, et al. Tooth-implant supported fixed prostheses: a retrospective multicenter study. Int J Prosthodont 2001;14(4):321–328. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0501.2001.120503.x.
Brettle J. A survey of the literature on metallic surgical implants. Injury 1970;2(1):26–39. DOI: 10.1016/S0020-1383(70)80110-3.
Hoffmann O, Zafiropoulos GG. Tooth-implant connection: a review. J Oral Implantol 2012;38(2):194–200. DOI: 10.1563/AAID-JOI-D-10-00071.
Cohen SR, Orenstein JH. The use of attachments in combination implant and natural-tooth fixed partial dentures: a technical report. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1994;9(2):230–234.
Pjetursson BE, Thoma D, Jung R, et al. A systematic review of the survival and complication rates of implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) after a mean observation period of at least 5 years. Clin Oral Implants Res 2012;23(Suppl 6):22–38. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2012.02546.x.
Chan HL, Misch K, Wang HL. Dental imaging in implant treatment planning. Implant Dent 2010;19(4):288–298. DOI: 10.1097/ID.0b013e3181e59ebd.
Chee W, Jivraj S. Impression techniques for implant dentistry. Br Dent J 2006;201(7):429–432. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4814118.
Bosshardt DD, Chappuis V, Buser D. Osseointegration of titanium, titanium alloy and zirconia dental implants: current knowledge and open questions. Periodontol 2000 2017;73(1):22–40. DOI: 10.1111/prd.12179.
Cheng F, Eriksson JE. Intermediate filaments and the regulation of cell motility during regeneration and wound healing. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol 2017;9(9):a022046. DOI: 10.1101/cshperspect.a022046.
Michaud DS, Fu Z, Shi J, et al. Periodontal disease, tooth loss, and cancer risk. Epidemiol Rev 2017;39(1):49–58. DOI: 10.1093/epirev/mxx006.
Cabeza R, Albert M, Belleville S, et al. Maintenance, reserve and compensation: the cognitive neuroscience of healthy ageing. Nat Rev Neurosci 2018;19(12):772. DOI: 10.1038/s41583-018-0087-z.
Paschalis EP, Gamsjaeger S, Hassler N, et al. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation for three years in postmenopausal osteoporosis significantly alters bone mineral and organic matrix quality. Bone 2017;95:41–46. DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2016.11.002.
Otto S, Pautke C, Jurado OM, et al. Further development of the MRONJ minipig large animal model. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2017;45(9):1503–1514. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcms.2017.07.002.