Aim: The main aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of caries on anterior teeth of Dakshin Kannada population.
Materials and methods: Two thousand patients were examined for carries in the anterior tooth using mouth mirror and explorer under good lighting facilities, followed by a questionnaire to determine the prevalence of caries on the anterior tooth in Dakshina Kannada population.
Results: It was found that 304 (15.2%) patients had anterior caries out of which the highest incidence was seen among the age of 15–30 years with 17.6% occurrence. It was found that there was a correlation between the time of sugar intake and anterior caries wherein 59.9% of the people consumed sugar in-between meals. Around 142 (46.7%) patients who had anterior caries also exhibited anterior crowding.
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that a strong correlation exists between the occurrence of anterior tooth caries and age, gender, location, dietary habits, and oral hygiene habits. Anterior teeth crowding should also be considered as a risk factor for the development of anterior tooth caries.
Clinical significance: Anterior caries occurs as a result of poor oral hygiene which may be due to improper brushing technique, lack of patient education; unhealthy dietary habits, systemic conditions, and negligence. This study summarizes the changing trends in the prevalence of anterior caries which may be attributed to better oral hygiene maintenance, patient education, and awareness, routine dental check-ups.
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