World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 3 ( October-December, 2010 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The Influence of Infectious Diseases on Dentistry

Anil Reddy, Shankar Gouda Patil, Raghunath Puttaiah

Citation Information : Reddy A, Patil SG, Puttaiah R. The Influence of Infectious Diseases on Dentistry. World J Dent 2010; 1 (3):225-231.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1044

Published Online: 01-12-2010

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; The Author(s).


Abstract

Dentistry, predominantly a surgical field with frequent exposure to blood and body fluids, is a high-risk occupation with respect to occupationally acquiring infectious diseases. On the same note, patients are also at risk of being infected, if adequate infection control measures are not strictly followed. Traditionally, based on the routes of disease transmission, we can categorize diseases that are bloodborne, airborne and also through fomites. Within these traditional categories also fall the new and emerging diseases that have had serious public health consequences of morbidity and mortality. As a health care provider, dentists must understand the impact of these diseases, and strictly implement practical disease control measures during provision of dental care and reduce the spread within the clinical arena. Common diseases of public health concern that need to be addressed are bloodborne diseases, such as hepatitis A, E, B, C, D and G, HIV; respiratory diseases such as tuberculosis, influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), AH1N1 influenza and immunizable childhood diseases. Apart from infection control measures, we must implement public health policy measures, such as immunization of current and prospective health care personnel (students in the dental profession) against immunizable diseases, utilize disease screening measures, postexposure disease control measures and utilize standard and additional precautions, the latter as required in certain instances.


PDF Share
  1. Infectious diseases important in dentistry. Practical infection control in dentistry. Cottone J, Terezhalmy G, Molinari J (Eds). Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger 1991:1-17.
  2. Infection control and personnel safety in periodontics. Fundamentals of periodontics. Wilson T, Kornman K (Eds). Chicago: Quintessence Publishing C, Inc 1996:179-94.
  3. Infection control and safety in orthodontics. Orthodontics for the next millenium. Sachdeva R, Bartleon HR, White L, Johnson J (Eds). Glendora: ORMCO 1997:519-40.
  4. Viral hepatitis. Control of communicable diseases manual—an official report of the American Public Health Association (16th edn). Washington DC. APHA 1995:217-33.
  5. Viral hepatitis and hepatitis vaccines. Practical infection control in dentistry (2nd edn). Cottone JA, Terezhalmy GT, Molinari JA (Eds). Philadelphia: Williams and Wilkins 1995:15-47.
  6. Hepatitis B virus infection current status in dentistry. Dental clinics of North America. April 1996;40(2).
  7. Tuberculosis. Control of communicable diseases manual: An official report of the American Public Health Association (16th ed), Washington DC: APHA 1995:488-99.
  8. HIV and AIDS. Practical infection control in dentistry (2nd ed). Cottone JA, Terezhalmy GT, Molinari JA (Eds). Philadelphia: Williams and Wilkins 1995:48-81.
  9. “UNAIDS/10.11E JC1958E” ISBN 978-92-9173-871-7. http://www.unaids.org/globalreport/default.htm.
  10. MMWR 1988;37:377
  11. 2010 Global report on surveillance and response. WHO/HTM/TB/ 2010.3. ISBN 978 92 4 159919 1. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241599191_eng.pdf.
  12. The centers for disease control and prevention. 08 Jan, 2004. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/guidance/core/pdf/core.pdf.
  13. The centers for disease control and prevention H1N1 flu general information. http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/cdcresponse.htm.
  14. The global prevalence of hepatitis A virus infection and susceptibility: A systematic review. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization 2009. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2010/WHO_IVB_10.01_eng.pdf
  15. WHO department of communicable disease surveillance and response. WHO/CDS/CSR/EDC/2001.12. 1-28. http://www.who.int/csr/disease/hepatitis/HepatitisE_whocdscsredc2001_12.pdf
  16. WHO department of communicable disease surveillance and response. WHO/CDS/CSR/EDC/2002.2. Hepatitis B:1-76. http://www.who.int/csr/disease/hepatitis/HepatitisB_whocdscsrlyo2002_2.pdf
  17. Department of communicable disease surveillance and response. WHO/CDS/CSR/LYO/ 2003:1-69. http://www.who.int/csr/disease/hepatitis/Hepc.pdf
  18. “Hepatitis delta virus”. Virology (1):71-76, January 2006.
  19. Molecular phylogenetic analyses indicate a wide and ancient radiation of African hepatitis delta virus, suggesting a delta virus genus of at least seven major clades. J Virol March 2004;78(5):2537-44.
  20. 20E. Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic: Executive Summary—A UNAIDS 10 anniversary special
  21. 20E. Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic: Executive Summary—A UNAIDS 10 anniversary special edition. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data. “ISBN 92 9 173511 6” UNAIDS20 avenue Appia, CH-1211, Geneva, Switzerland. Web site: http://www.unaids.org 2006.
  22. ISBN 978 92 4 150034 0. http://www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/global/plan/TB_GlobalPlanToStopTB2011-2015.pdf
  23. Drug resistance in tuberculosis in India. Indian J Med Res 120, October 2004;377-86. http://medind.nic.in/iby/t04/i10/ibyt04i10p377.pdf
  24. Drug resistance in mycobacteria. Br Med Bull 1984;40:84-90.
  25. Consensus statement on the problem, prevention, management and control. From the consultative meeting of national experts organized by the TB Research Centre, ICMR, Govt. of India, on 14-15 September 2007, at Chennai. http://www.tbcindia.org/pdfs/Consensus%20statement%20on%20MDR%20XDR%20TB%20-Final.pdf
  26. News and Notes. Indian J Tuberc 2006;53:234.
  27. The centers for disease control and prevention. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). SARS Home. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/index.htm
  28. Real time estimates in the early detection of SARS. Emerging infectious diseases. http://www.cdc.gov/eid 12(1), January 2006. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol12no01/pdfs/05-0593.pdf
  29. The centers for disease control and prevention. The 2009 H1N1 pandemic: Summary highlights, April 2009-April 2010. http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/cdcresponse.htm
  30. Recommendations and reports, MMWR, December 26,1997/46(RR-18);1-42.
  31. http://yalehealth.yale.edu/med_services/immunization-faq.html
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.