World Journal of Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( April-June, 2010 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Dental Infection Control in India at the Turn of the Century

Raghunath Puttaiah, Raman Bedi, Sadashiva Shetty

Citation Information : Puttaiah R, Bedi R, Shetty S. Dental Infection Control in India at the Turn of the Century. World J Dent 2010; 1 (1):1-6.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1001

Published Online: 01-06-2010

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the status of Dental Infection Control and Occupational Safety in India. 456 respondents (dentists) used this self-administered survey instrument containing about 96 variables. Over 95% of respondents felt that HIV and Hepatitis were infectious disease risks of concern and that infectious diseases were on the rise in India. Education and training in Dental Safety were lacking and that the latter are made mandatory in dental school curricula. Availability and access to safety materials and equipment were lacking in India and affordability was an issue. While respondents had adequate knowledge in the subject of infectious diseases, attitude (Stigma) towards treating infected patients was a negative factor with a significant number stating that double gloving was necessary, medical history dictated additional precautions and finally that care providers had the right to refuse care to Infectious patients. Although standards in Dental Safety are in place, implementation of educational (both didactic in schools and continuing education for practitioners) is a priority. Dental industry from within and outside India must play a role in this effort. In conclusion, significant structural and educational support activities are indicated with improvements in access and availability of materials and equipment to improve dental safety in India. Further, stigma of infectious diseases must be eradicated if not reduced towards infectious patients.


PDF Share
  1. Rationale for Practical Infection Control in Dentistry. In Practical Infection Control in Dentistry, (2nd ed), edited by Cottone JA, Terezhalmy GT, and Molinari JA. Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. 1995;3-12.
  2. Infection Control and Safety in Periodontics. In Fundamentals of Periodontics. Edited by Wilson TG Jr, Kornman KS. Quintessence Publishing Co., Inc. Chicago, IL. 1996;179-93.
  3. Viral Hepatitis and Hepatitis Vaccines. In Practical Infection Control in Dentistry (2nd ed), edited by Cottone JA, Terezhalmy GT, and Molinari JA. Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. 1995;15-47.
  4. An oral surgeon-related hepatitis B outbreak. Calif Morbid 1976;14.
  5. MMWR, 1990;39(RR-2):1-26.
  6. Epidemiology and eradication strategy for hepatitis B in Europe. Vaccine, 1990;8(Suppl):S113-S16;discussion, S134-S38.
  7. Hepatitis B, C, and HIV infection among dentists. 69th General Session of the IADR, Acapulco, 1991.
  8. MMWR, 1985;34:561.
  9. MMWR, 1990;39(RR-1):1-14.
  10. MMWR, 1991;40(RR-8):1-9.
  11. MMWR 1986;15:237-42.
  12. MMWR 1993;42:1-12.
  13. Final standard for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens: December 6, 1991. 29 CFR 1910;1030.
  14. Correlates of infection control practices in dentistry. Am J Infect Control 1998;26(1):29-34.
  15. AIDS in the World: A Global Report. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1992.
  16. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, and Related Infections. In Practical Infection Control in Dentistry (2nd ed), edited by Cottone JA, Terezhalmy GT, and Molinari JA. Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. 1995;48-74.
  17. MMWR Recommendations and Reports December 19, 2003;52(RR17), 1-61.
  18. MMWR 198534681-8. and 691-95.
  19. Survey on attitudes towards HIV–infected individuals and infection control practices among dentists in Mexico City. Am J Infect Control 2000;28(1):21-24.
  20. Attitudes towards HIV-infected individuals and infection control practices among a groups of dentists in Mexico City: A 1999 update of the 1992 survey. Am J Infect Control 2002;30:8-14.
  21. Am J Infect Control 2003;31(4):231-36.
  22. Dentists practicing in Lothian treat HIV seropositive patients: Is this a resolution of conflict or a case of Hobson's choice? British Dental Journal 1996;180(2):53-56.
  23. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1996;81(3):297-302.
  24. Knowledge and attitudes of Japanese dental health care workers towards HIVrelated disease. J Dent 1997;25:279-83.
  25. Systematic review of adherence to infection control guidelines in dentistry. J Dent 2001;29:509-16.
  26. Survey of Infection Control Practices among General Dental Practitioners. Journal of Pakistan Dental Association 2001;10(Issue 02):71-76.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.