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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  Case Report
Double Papilla Graft with Amnion Membrane for Root Coverage of Isolated Recession
Ruchi Srivastava, Zeba R Siddiqui, Rajesh Jhingran, Vivek K Bains
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:7 ] [Number:4] [Pages:54] [Pages No:213-216] [No of Hits : 1224]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1399 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Gingival recession is one of the most common soft tissue problems, especially when it hinders the esthetics of a patient. Gingival recession can further lead to root caries, sensitivity, and difficulty in plaque control. Moreover, exposed roots are prone to abrasion and erosion. Periodontal plastic surgery is one of the emerging fields, which helps to meet such soft tissue problems. Currently, a variety of techniques are being used for root coverage, like pedicle grafts, coronally advanced flap, free mucosal graft, epithelial connective tissue graft, guided tissue regeneration, and acellular dermal matrix. This article highlights a case that was successfully managed by double papilla graft technique in combination with amnion membrane for root coverage of Miller class II recession defect in the mandibular canine region. In this technique, the soft tissues adjacent to the recession area were positioned over the recession defect. The main advantage of this technique is that the flap remains attached at its base so that it retains its own blood supply during transfer to a new position. It also preserves the interdental papilla, thus preserving the gingival height. As an alternative to the epithelial connective tissue graft, amnion membrane has the advantage of no invasive palatal wound, regenerative potential, and improved esthetic results. This procedure is highly sensitive and had predictable results, with a clinically significant amount of root coverage.

Keywords: Amnion membrane, Double papilla technique, Recession, Root coverage.

How to cite this article: Srivastava R, Siddiqui ZR, Jhingran R, Bains VK. Double Papilla Graft with Amnion Membrane for Root Coverage of Isolated Recession. World J Dent 2016;7(4):213-216.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
2.  Review Article
Tooth Derived Bone Graft Material
Chayanika Bhattacharjya, Srikanth Gadicherla, Abhay Taranath Kamath, Komal Smriti, Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:32-35] [No of Hits : 1144]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1359 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Alveolar bone deficiency is a major postoperative complication in the treatment of traumatic injuries, periodontal diseases and likewise. Hence, alveolar bone repair remains a major hurdle in tissue engineering. Autogenous bone can be wellthought- of as benchmark for bone grafting sans its limitations and complications. In order to overcome these limitations, there is an increased demand of bone graft materials that led to numerous studies on different techniques and materials for bone regeneration over the years. Dentin and bone having same biochemical similarities led to the idea of using it as a bone regenerative material. Demineralized dentin matrix (DDM), an organic material obtained from dentin has been shown to possess osteogenic capacity. Demineralized dentin matrix may prosper in future endodontic world as an apexification material and as a permanent root canal filling material as well. Quick in bone forming as compared to conventional bone graft, this material is a boon to the dental world in this era. This manuscript reviews various studies on different types of DDM as a bone grafting material, and also summarizes the suggested pathway of bone regeneration.

Keywords: Autogenous, Bone, Bone morphogenic protein, Demineralized dentin matrix, Grafting.

How to cite this article: Bhattacharjya C, Gadicherla S, Kamath AT, Smriti K, Pentapati KC. Tooth Derived Bone Graft Material. World J Dent 2016;7(1):32-35.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  Review Article
Articulators through the Years Revisited: From 1900 to 1950—Part II
Ashish R Jain
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:23-31] [No of Hits : 1027]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1358 | FREE

ABSTRACT

This article continues an historical review, begun in the last issue, of landmark clinical investigations that advanced the profession’s understanding of the nature of condylar movement. The investigators’ unique recording devices, developed for registering and studying the movements of the condyles in human subjects, are described.

Keywords: Articulators, Condylar tracings, Facebow, Movements of condyle.

How to cite this article: Jain AR. Articulators through the Years Revisited: From 1900 to 1950―Part II. World J Dent 2016;7(1):23-31.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  Original Research
Awareness among Young Parents about Preventive Aspects of Early Childhood Caries in Abha City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Rafi Ahmad Togoo, Ibrahim Al-Shahrani, Wejdan Saad Al-Absi, Fatima Saeed Al-Shahrani, Amal Saeed Shiban Al-Shahrani, Mohammed Nadeem Ahmed Bijle
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:10-13] [No of Hits : 737]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1355 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a common disease affecting very young children in today’s era. The prevention of ECC depends upon the vital information parents are available with during the upbringing of the child.

Aim: This survey was undertaken to evaluate the awareness among parents about preventive aspects of ECC in Abha City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: A questionnaire study was conducted among young parents about preventive aspects of ECC in Abha City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Descriptive statistics was used to observe the awareness.

Results: A total of 157 parents participated in the study of which 126 were mothers and 31 fathers. The mean age of the parents participating in the study was 34 years, and 55% of the participants had education till the university level. About half (53%) of the parents were unaware that the child should be taken for the first dental visit by 1 year of age. Around 60% of the participants had taken their children to the dentist only when the dental problem was in persistence and 48% of the participants allowed their child to sleep with milk bottle or juice in their mouth.

Conclusion: Hence, it can be concluded that the parents in Abha, KSA, are moderately aware of dental needs of their young children.

Keywords: Awareness, Dental caries, Early childhood caries, Knowledge, Saudi Arabia.

How to cite this article: Togoo RA, Al-Shahrani I, Al-Absi WS, Al-Shahrani FS, Al-Shahrani ASS, Bijle MNA. Awareness among Young Parents about Preventive Aspects of Early Childhood Caries in Abha City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. World J Dent 2016;7(1):10-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  Original Research
Tissue Preservation with Natural Fixatives: An Immunohistochemical Evaluation
Barnali Majumdar, Roopa S Rao, Shankargouda Patil
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:59] [Pages No:87-91] [No of Hits : 597]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1371 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: The search for formalin substitute has been enduring from the time it was proven as a carcinogen. The natural sweetener, jaggery, as a tissue fixative has already been established and its compatibility with special stains demonstrated in our previous study. Hence, in the present study, the efficacy of jaggery, along with honey, was further evaluated using immunohistochemical procedures.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study with 30 samples of commercially available fresh goat oral mucosa, fixed with 10% buffered formalin (positive control), 20% honey, and 30% jaggery solution was conducted. After 24 hours of fixation, tissue sections were subjected to immunohistochemical stains pan-cytokeratin and desmin. Following which blinded evaluation was done by two examiners. Statistical analysis was accomplished using Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Kappa statistics.

Results: The pan-cytokeratin staining intensity of jaggeryfixed tissues (2.67 ± 0.488) was observed to be more intense than honey (1.60 ± 0.507, p < 0.001) and formalin (2.13 ± 0.352, p = 0.003)-fixed tissues. Jaggery (2.33 ± 0.617) and formalin (2.40 ± 0.632) showed comparable results with respect to desmin.

Conclusion: Based on the findings, the fixative properties of jaggery surpassed honey and was found to be on par with formalin.

Keywords: Formalin-substitute, Honey, Hydroxymethylfurfural, Immunohistochemistry, Jaggery.

How to cite this article: Majumdar B, Rao RS, Patil S. Tissue Preservation with Natural Fixatives: An Immunohistochemical Evaluation. World J Dent 2016;7(2):87-91.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  Original Research
Accuracy of Various Diagnostic Aids in Detection of MB2 Canal in Maxillary First Molar: In vivo Study
Sanjyot Mulay, Gaurav Kadam, Hansa Jain
[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volume:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:59] [Pages No:78-82] [No of Hits : 596]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1369 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate and compare the accuracy of radiographic, visual, dye and magnification method in detection of second mesiobuccal (MB2) canal in maxillary first molar.

Materials and methods: One hundred males and females patients in age group of 20 to 45 years with maxillary first molar teeth indicated for root canal treatment were selected for the study. The presence of MB2 canal in maxillary first molar was observed by four independent observers using radiographic, visual, dye, magnification diagnostic aids.

Results: The study showed that there was a large difference in detecting MB2 canal in maxillary first molar when radiographic was compared with visual method and magnification method (i.e., p < 0.01). Whereas there was a nonsignificant difference when radiographic and dye method were compared (i.e., p > 0.05).

Conclusion: It was concluded that the incidence of MB2 canal in mesiobuccal roots of permanent maxillary first molars was detected most using magnification method, i.e., 87%. Accuracy of radiographic method was found to be least, i.e., 19%.

Keywords: Dye method, Endodontics, Magnification, MB2 canal, Radiographic, Second Mesiobuccal, Visual method.

How to cite this article: Mulay S, Kadam G, Jain H. Accuracy of Various Diagnostic Aids in Detection of MB2 Canal in Maxillary First Molar: In vivo. World J Dent 2016;7(2):78-82.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  Case Report
Assessment of Healing of a Large Radicular Cyst using Cone Beam Computed Tomography: Two Years Follow-up
Swathi Pai, Abhay Taranath Kamath, Manish Bhagania, Nandita Shenoy, M Vidya Saraswathi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:47-50] [No of Hits : 519]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1362 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Surgical enucleation of a radicular cyst is a common treatment in endodontics but the pretreatment planning and assessment of the post-treatment healing in the cystic cavity is of utmost importance. The advantage of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in endodontics is that it demonstrates anatomic features in three dimensions that is not possible with intraoral periapical (IOPA) and panoramic radiographic images. In this case report, a CBCT was done to evaluate the size and extent of the radicular cyst in the maxillary anterior region and was enucleated. Apicoectomy was done and the hollow cavity was filled with platelet rich fibrin. A postoperative CBCT was done 2 years later to assess the healing. Specific situations, both pre- and postoperatively, where the understanding of spatial relationships afforded by CBCT facilitates diagnosis, influences treatment and assess healing.

Keywords: Cone beam computed tomography, Cone beam computed tomography periapical index score, Cyst healing, Digital follow-up, Mineral trioxide aggregate, Platelet rich fibrin, Radicular cyst.

How to cite this article: Pai S, Kamath AT, Bhagania M, Shenoy N, Saraswathi MV. Assessment of Healing of a Large Radicular Cyst using Cone Beam Computed Tomography: Two Years Follow-up. World J Dent 2016;7(1):47-50.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  Review Article
Root Canal Irrigants in Primary Teeth
Jaya Agali Ramachandra, Nidhi K Nihal, C Nagarathna, Miloni S Vora
[Year:2015] [Month:October-December] [Volume:6 ] [Number:4] [Pages:43] [Pages No:229-234] [No of Hits : 1911]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1349 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The endodontic triad consists of cleaning and shaping, disinfection and obturation. Success of root canal therapy in primary teeth is mainly achieved by thorough removal of debris and necrotic tissue. However, complete elimination of bacterial contaminants as well as necrotic debris require adjunctive use of root canal irrigants along with mechanical instrumentation. As we know from literature that none of the available irrigating solutions alone provides all the ideal requirements. Studies have shown that a combination of two or more irrigating solutions in a specific sequence will help to achieve optimal irrigation. This review article mainly highlights the mechanism of action, safety and biocompatibility of currently used irrigation solutions and also the other materials that can be used as a potent irrigants, their advantages and limitations in future of endodontics.

Keywords: Antimicrobial properties, Primary teeth, Root canal irrigants, Smear layer.

How to cite this article: Ramachandra JA, Nihal NK, Nagarathna C, Vora MS. Root Canal Irrigants in Primary Teeth. World J Dent 2015;6(3):229-234.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  Original Research
Prevalence of Type of Frenal Attachment and Morphology of Frenum in Children, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
S Linda Christabel, Deepa Gurunathan
[Year:2015] [Month:October-December] [Volume:6 ] [Number:4] [Pages:43] [Pages No:203-207] [No of Hits : 1906]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1343 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Labial frenum is a dynamic structure and is subject to variation in size, shape and position. The type of the maxillary labial frenal attachment and its morphology in children in Chennai has not been studied extensively. The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to examine the prevalence of the various types of maxillary frenal attachments and its morphology in children in Chennai.

Materials and methods: A study involving 931 Children between 3 and 12 years of age attending schools in Chennai were clinically examined for maxillary labial frenal attachment location and morphology under direct visual method. Parents were provided with informed consent. Demographic details including age and sex were recorded.

Results: Total number of children who were examined were 931. The most prevalent type of frenal attachment among all is gingival type followed by mucosal type of attachment. 49.5% were gingival type, 38.8% were mucosal type, 9.8% were papillary type and 1.9% were papillary penetrating type. The prevalence type had no gender difference but the age had significant association. The occurrence of papillary penetrating type decreases with age. The most prevalent morphological type is simple frenum 97% followed by simple frenum with nodule which is 2.6% and bifid labial frenum which is 0.4%.

Conclusion: The prevalent type among Chennai children is gingival type. The papillary penetrating type of frenal attachment decreases with age. The dentists should correlate the age of the child and type of frenal attachment and morphological variations during their clinical examination to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment.

Keywords: Children, Maxillary frenal attachment, Morphology.

How to cite this article: Christabel SL, Gurunathan D. Prevalence of Type of Frenal Attachment and Morphology of Frenum in Children, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. World J Dent 2015;6(4):203-207.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  Case Report
Lip Reconstruction using Karapandzic Flap
KN Abhinandan Patel, Satyajit Dandgi, Ranjit Singh
[Year:2015] [Month:January-March] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:60] [Pages No:55-57] [No of Hits : 1563]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1313 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The peroral region which consists of the upper and lower lip plays a vital role functionally, esthetically as well as anatomically. The post-surgical defects of peroral structures, especially the mid line defects of the lower lip, present a considerable challenge for reconstruction. Currently, reconstruction of peroral structures are done by using local, distant and free flaps. In our case, we have reconstructed a large midline defect of more than two thirds of the lower lip by using a karapandzic flap.

Keywords: Karapandzic flap, Lower lip reconstruction, Midline defect.

How to cite this article: Patel KNA, Dandgi S, Singh R. Lip Reconstruction using Karapandzic Flap. World J Dent 2015; 6(1):55-57.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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